Heating publications

All Heating publications ordered by year, accending.
This list contains mostly papers in refereed journals with results from the Tromsø Heating facility, but includes theses, proceedings and reports. Papers marked with * are essentially theoretical papers which are directly associated with Tromsø heating experimental results.


Publications 1995

Number of publications in 1995: 11.

Passage of a powerful HF radio wave through the lower ionosphere as a function of initial electron density profiles

Belova, E.G., A.B. Pashin, W.B. Lyatsky, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 265-272, 1995

A theoretical study on the broad symmetric structure in the stimulated electromagnetic emission spectrum*

Huang, J., S. P. Kuo, H. L. Zhou, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 2, 1639-1645, 1995

Ionospheric plasma response to HF radio waves operating at frequencies close to the third harmonic of the electron gyrofrequency

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 100, A11, 21489-21502, 1995

Parametric decay of an electromagnetic wave near electron cyclotron harmonics*

Istomin, Ya. N., T. B. Leyser, Phys. Plasmas, 2, 2084-2097, 1995

High frequency ducting in the high-latitude bottomside F-region*

James, H. G., Radio Sci., 30, 2, 445-461, 1995

Radiation from electromagnetically driven Langmuir turbulence*

Mjølhus, E., A. Hanssen, D.F. DuBois, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 9, 17527-17541, 1995

Magnetic pulsation generation by powerful ground-based modulated HF radio transmitter*

Pashin, A. B., E. G. Belova, W.B. Lyatsky, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 245-252, 1995

Extended abstracts of the 4th European Heating seminar

Rietveld, M., L. Kalliopuska, May 16-19, Department of Physics, University of Oulu, Ramfjordmoen, Norway, nr 126, ISBN 951-42-4215-7Department of Physics, University of Oulu, 31 pages 1995

Factors Influencing the Heating of the Auroral Electrojet by High Power Radio Waves

Robinson, T. R., F. Honary, A. Stocker, T. B. Jones, Adv. Space Res, 15, 12, 41-44, 1995

HF scatter from artificial irregularities above Tromsø

Robinson, T. R., A. J. Stocker, G. Bond, IEE Antennas and Propagation Coloquium Digest, 9/1-9/7, 1995

ristatic EISCAT-UHF measurements of the HF modified ionosphere for low background electron temperatures

Westman, A., T. B. Leyser, G. Wannberg, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res, 100, A6, 9717-9728, 1995

Publications 1994

Number of publications in 1994: 10.

Extended abstracts of the 3rd European Heating seminar

Bösinger, T., L. Kalliopuska, Report No. 125, May 24-26, Murmansk/Russia, Dept. of Physics, University of Oulu, ISBN 951-42-4085-5, 57 pages 1994

Altitude characteristics of plasma turbulence excited with the Tromsø superheater

Djuth, F., P. Stubbe, M. P. Sulzer, H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, J. H. Elder, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A10, 333-339, 1994

Creation of artificial periodic inhomogeneities for studies of the middle atmosphere and lower thermosphere

Goncharov , N. P., M. T. Rietveld, J. Röttger, Proc. 6th Workshop on Technical Aspects of MST Radar, 436-440, Ed B. Edwards, 1994

A theoretical model for the broad upshifted maximum in the stimulated electromagnetic emission spectrum*

Huang, J, S. P. Kuo, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A10, 19569-19576, 1994

Collaborative experiments by Akebono satellite, Tromsø ionospheric heater, and European incoherent scatter radar

Kimura, I., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, R. Barr, K. Ishida, Y. Kasahara, S. Yagitane, I. Nagano, Radio Sci., 29, 1, 23-37, 1994

Electromagnetic radiation by parametric decay of upper hybrid waves in ionospheric modification experiments

Leyser, T. B., Phys. Plasmas (formerly Phys. Fluids B), 1, 2003-2011, 1994

Downshifted maximum features in stimulated electromagnetic emission spectra

Leyser, T. B., B. Thide, M. Waldenvik, E. Veszelei, V. L. Frolov, S. M. Grach, G. P. Komrakov, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A10, 19555-19568, 1994

The Role of natural E-region plasma turbulence in the enhanced absorption of HF radio waves in the auroral ionosphere: Implications for RF heating of the auroral electrojet*

Robinson, T. R., Ann. Geophys., 12, 4, 316-332, 1994

Radarbeobachtungen künstlich angeregter Langmuirinstabilitäten in der Ionosphäre: Höhenkorrelation und zeitliche Entwicklung

Stalder, W., Diplomarbeit (Masters thesis), Universität Göttingen, 1994

Stimulated electromagnetic emissions (SEE) and anomalous HF wave absorption near electron gyroharmonics

Stubbe, P., A. J. Stocker, F. Honary, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A4, 6233-6246, 1994

Publications 1993

Number of publications in 1993: 11.

ELF harmonic radiation from the Tromsø Heating facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2243-2246, 1993

Excitation of strong Langmuir turbulence in the ionosphere: comparison of theory and experiment*

DuBois, D. F., A. Hanssen, H. A. Rose, D. Russell, Phys. Fluids B, 5, 2616-2622, 1993

Space and time distribution of HF excited Langmuir turbulence in the ionosphere*

DuBois, D.F., A. Hanssen, H.A. Rose, D. Russell, J. Geophys. Res., 98, A10, 17543-17568, 1993

Nonlinear Langmuir waves in the ionosphere, Proc. Mini-Workshop on Wave Phenomena in Solar-Terrestrial Plasmas*

Hanssen, A., 29-38, Eds.: Maltby, P. and H. Pecseli, ITA, Oslo, 1993

Driven and damped Langmuir turbulence*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, ESA Proc., WPP-047, 39-43, 1993

EISCAT observations of electron temperature oscillations due to the action of high power HF radio waves

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, N. M. Wade, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 10, 1433-1448, 1993

Introduction to ionospheric heating experiments at Tromsø Part 2: Scientific problems

Kohl, H., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 601-603, 1993

On the small scale striation effect in ionospheric radio modification experiments near harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency*

Mjølhus, E., J. Atmos. terr. Phys., 55, 907-918, 1993

Introduction to ionospheric heating experiments at Tromsø Part 1: Experimental overview

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kohl, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 577- 599, 1993

Excitations of ion-Bernstein waves in ionospheric modification experiment*

Sharma, R.P., A. Kumar, R. Kumar, Radio Sci., 28, 6, 951-957, 1993

Anomalous absorption during artificial modification at harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency

Stocker, A. J, F. Honary, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 98, A8, 13627-13634, 1993

Publications 1992

Number of publications in 1992: 8.

Comment on “Langmuir turbulence and ionospheric modification” by P. Stubbe, H. Kohl, and M.T. Rietveld

DuBois, D. F., A. Hanssen, H. A. Rose, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A10, 15059-15066, 1992

Electromagnetically Driven Langmuir Turbulence in the Ionosphere*

Hanssen, A., Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Tromsø, Norway, 1992

Numerical test of the weak turbulence approximation to ionospheric Langmuir turbulence*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, H. A. Rose, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A8, 12073-12091, 1992

Modification of the ionospheric plasma by high power radio waves operating at harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, 19th IOP Plasma Physics Conf. Proc., 35, Nottingham, 1992

Observations of ionospheric modification by the Tromsø heating facility with the mobile diagnostic equipment of IZMIRAN

Lobachevsky, L. A., Yu. V. Gruzdev, V. Yu. Kim, G. A. Mikhaylova, V. A. Panchenko, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54, 1, 75-85, 1992

EISCAT observations of large scale electron temperature and electron density perturbations caused by high power HF radio waves

Stocker, A. J., F. Honary, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54, 11/12, 1555-1572, 1992

Langmuir turbulence and ionospheric modification

Stubbe, P., H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A5, 6285-6297, 1992

Reply to comment by DuBois et al.

Stubbe, P., H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A10, 15067-15071, 1992

Publications 1991

Number of publications in 1991: 8.

ELF radiation from the Tromsø ‘super-heater’ facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 6, 1035-1038, 1991

On the ELF generation efficiency of the Tromsø heater facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 11, 1971-1974, 1991

Long-range detection of VLF radiation produced by heating the auroral electrojet

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 26, 4, 871-879, 1991

Phase and amplitude perturbations on subionospheric signals produced by a moving patch of artificially heated ionosphere

Dowden, R. L., C. D. D. Adams, M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 96, A1, 239-248, 1991

VLF versus MF heating of the lower ionosphere*

Dowden, R. L., C. D. D. Adams, J. Geophys. Res., 96, A8, 14179-14182, 1991

Resonance broadening modification of weak plasma turbulence theory*

Hanssen, A., J. Geophys. Res., 96, A2, 1867-1871, 1991

Chirped Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations of the HF-Modified Ionosphere

B. Isham, PhD Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA, 1991

Langmuir turbulence and ionospheric modification

Stubbe, P., H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, Report MPAE-W-02-91-20, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau-FRG, 1991

Publications 1990

Number of publications in 1990: 11.

On the weak turbulence approximation*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, AGARD Conf. Proc., 485, 9-1 to 9-12, 1990

New phenomena observed by EISCAT during RF ionospheric modification experiments

Isham, B., W. Kofman, T. Hagfors, J. Nordling, B. Thidé, C. LaHoz, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 25, 3, 251-262, 1990

Observations on the DE-1 spacecraft of ELF/VLF waves generated by an ionospheric heater

James, H.G., U. S. Inan, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys Res., 95, A8, 12187- 12195, 1990

The physics of ground based heating

Jones, T. B., AGARD Conf Proc, No. 485, 1A.1- 1A.9, 1990

Enhanced fading rates produced during ionospheric modification

Jones, T. B., A. Wilkinson, AGARD Conf Proc, No. 485, 12.1-12.7, 1990

Dependence of stimulated electromagnetic emission on the ionosphere and pump wave

Leyser, T. B., B. Thidé, H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg, B. Lundborg, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 95, A10, 17233-17244, 1990

Excitation of periodic magnetic field oscillations in the ULF range by amplitude modulated HF waves

Maul, A.-A., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Annales Geophysicae, 8, 11, 765-780, 1990

VLF, ELF and ULF wave research using the Tromsø Heating facility

Rietveld, M. T., R. Barr, P. Stubbe, A. Maul, H. Kopka, R. L. Dowden, AGARD Conf Proc, No. 485, 6-1, 1990

The ionosphere: disturbing effects of radio

Robinson, T. R., Nature, 346, 612, 1990

Stimulated electromagnetic emission in a magnetized plasma: a new symmetric spectral feature

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Phys. Rev. Lett., 65, 2, 183-185, 1990

Stimulated Scattering of Large Amplitude Waves in the Ionosphere: Experimental Results

Thidé, B., Physica Scripta, T30, 170-180, 1990

Publications 1989

Number of publications in 1989: 8.

Tromsö Heating Experiments: Stimulated Emission at HF Pump Harmonic and Subharmonic Frequencies

Derblom, H., B. Thidé, T. B. Leyser, J. A. Nordling, A. Hedberg, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, M. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 94, A8, 10111-10120, 1989

Stimulated electromagnetic emission in the ionosphere

Leyser, T. B., Doctoral thesis, IRF Scientific Report 198, Uppsala University, 1989

Stimulated electromagnetic emission near electron cyclotron harmonics in the ionosphere

Leyser, T. B., B. Thidé, H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg, B. Lundborg, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Phys. Rev. Lett., 63, 11, 1145-1147, 1989

Anregung periodischer Magentfeldschwankungen im ULF-Bereich durch Einstrahlung energiereicher Hochfrequenzwellen in die polare Ionosphäre

Maul, A.-A., Doctoral thesis, Universität Göttingen, 1989

On the frequency dependence of ELF/VLF waves produced by modulated ionospheric heating

Rietveld, M. T., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 24, 3, 270-278, 1989

The heating of the high latitude ionosphere by high power radio waves

Robinson, T. R., Physics Reports, 179, 2 & 3, 79-209, 1989

A New Heating Facility for EISCAT: Scientific Case

Robinson, T. R., P. Stubbe, B. Thidé, M. Rietveld, E. Mjolhus, EISCAT Technical Report, October, 1989

The artificial modification of the ionosphere above Tromsø and Arecibo

Stocker, A. J., Doctoral thesis, University of Leicester, 1989

Publications 1988

Number of publications in 1988: 9.

Ionospheric heater beam scanning: A realistic model of this mobile source of ELF/VLF radiation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 23, 3, 379-388, 1988

Generation of VLF and ELF waves for active probing

Dowden, R. L., J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 40, 1131-1140, 1988

Über die Beeinflussung der partiellen Reflexion einer schwachen elektromagnetischen Welle durch eine starke, modifizierende Welle im Rahmen der Theorie eines warmen Plasmas*

Engelhardt, H.-G., Diplomarbeit, Universität Göttingen, 1988

Effect of pump-induced density depletions on the spectrum of stimulated electromagnetic emissions

Leyser, T. B., B. Thidé, J. Geophys. Res., 93, A8, 8681-8688, 1988

Simultaneous bistatic European Incoherent Scatter UHF, 145-MHz radar and stimulated electromagnetic emission observations during HF ionospheric modification

Nordling, J. A., A. Hedberg, G. Wannberg, T. B. Leyser, H. Derblom, H. J. Opgenoorth, H. Kopka, H. Kohl, P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, C. LaHoz Radio Sci., 23, 5, 809-819, 1988

Pc 1 ionospheric electric field oscillations

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Annales Geophysicae, 6, 4, 381-388, 1988

The excitation of plasma waves and irregularities in the ionosphere by means of high power radio waves

Robinson, T. R., Plasma Phys. Controll. Fusion, 30, 1, 45-56, 1988

Investigation of heater induced irregularities in the high latitude ionosphere

Wilkinson, A., Doctoral thesis, University of Leicester, 1988

A large-scale depletion by intense radio wave heating

Wright, J. W., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 13, 1531-1533, 1988

Publications 1987

Number of publications in 1987: 11.

Ionospheric heater beam scanning: A mobile source of ELF radiation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1073-1083, 1987

Daytime scintillations induced by high-power HF waves at Tromsø, Norway

Basu, S., S. Basu, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Waaramaa, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A10, 11149-11157, 1987

Theoretical and Experimental Evidence of a Thermal Resonance Instability in the E-region of the Ionosphere

Hoeg, P., Doctoral thesis, University of Copenhagen, 1987

Propagation of artificially excited Langmuir waves in the ionosphere

Kohl, H., H. Kopka, C. LaHoz, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 23, 4, 655-661, 1987

In der unteren polaren Ionosphäre aktiv erzeugte ELF/VLF-Wellen

Mauelshagen, H.-P., Diplomarbeit, Universität Göttingen, 1987

Multiple frequency radar observations of high-latitude E region irregularities in the HF modified ionosphere

Noble, S. T., F. T. Djuth, R. J. Jost, W. E. Gordon, Å. Hedberg, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A12, 13613-13627, 1987

Very low frequency wave experiments using the ionospheric heating facility

Rietveld, M. T., Proceedings of the EISCAT Annual Review Meeting, 46-53, ed P. Collis, Skibotn, Norway, 1987

Ionospheric demodulation of powerful pulsed radio waves: A potential new diagnostic for radars suggested by Tromsø heater results

Rietveld, M. T., P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1084-1090, 1987

The Characteristics of Ionospheric Heating-Produced ELF/VLF Waves Over 32 Hours

Rietveld, M. T., H.-P. Mauelshagen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A8, 8707-8722, 1987

A modification event of the auroral E region as studied with EISCAT and other diagnostics

Schlegel, K., M. Rietveld, A. Maul, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1063-1072, 1987

Conjugate effects from ground excitation of ULF waves in the ionosphere

Webster, D. J., B. J. Fraser, M. T. Rietveld, F. W. Menk, ANARE Research notes 48, The Publications Office, Antarctic Division-Tasmania 7150, 1987

Publications 1986

Number of publications in 1986: 8.

The observation of HF-enhanced plasma waves with the EISCAT/UHF-radar in the presence of strong Landau-damping

Frey, A., Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 5, 438-441, 1986

ELF and VLF Signals Radiated by the ‘Polar Electrojet Antenna’: Experimental Results

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 91, A4, 4451-4459, 1986

Comparison between the ionospheric plasma drift and the motion of artificially induced irregularities as observed by HF backscatter radars

Hanuise, C., Å. Hedberg, J. Oksman, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Annales Geophysicae, 4, A1, 49-54, 1986

Measurements of HF backscatter cross section for striations created by ionospheric heating at different power levels

Hedberg, Å.,, H. Derblom, G. Wannberg, B. Thidé, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 21, 117-125, 1986

Heater-induced 1-meter irregularities

Hoeg, P., E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 91, A10, 11309-11320, 1986

Directional Changes in the Irregularity Drift during Artificial Generation of Striations

Hoeg, P., Physica Scripta, 33, 469-474, 1986

EISCAT observations of the heated ionosphere

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 1027-1035, 1986

D-region characteristics deduced from pulsed ionospheric heating under auroral electrojet conditions

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 4, 311- 326, 1986

Publications 1985

Number of publications in 1985: 15.

The Diffraction of VLF Radio Waves by a Patch of Ionosphere Illuminated by a Powerful HF Transmitter

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 90, A3, 2861-2875, 1985

xtra-low-frequency radiation from the polar electrojet antenna

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, E. Nielsen, Nature, 317, 6033, 155-157, 1985

Observations of E-region irregularities generated at auroral latitudes by a high power radio wave

Djuth, F., R. J. Jost, S. T. Noble, W. E. Gordon, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, R. Boström, H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg and B. Thidé J. Geophys. Res., 90, A12, 12293-12306, 1985

HF induced radar backscatter

Djuth, F. T., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1225-1243, 1985

HF modification of the auroral D-region detected by a partial reflection experiment

Holt, O., A. Brekke, T. Hansen, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 6, 537-545, 1985

The influence of ionospheric heating on the propagation of HF waves at

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, AGARD Conf Proc , No. 382, 5-1-1, 1985

Detection from Aureol-3 of the modulation of auroral electrojet by HF Heating from ELF signals in the upper ionosphere above Tromsø, Results of the Arcad 3 Project and of the Recent Programmes in Magnetospheric and Ionospheric Physics

Lefeuvre, F, J. L. Rauch, V. I. Dee, E. E. Titova, V. E. Yurov, O. A. Molchanov, M. M. Mogilevsky, O. A. Maltseva, L. V. Zinin, H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe and R. L. Dowden Cepedues-Editions, 609-616, Toulouse, 1985

Ground and in situ excitation of waves in the ionospheric plasma

Rietveld, M. T., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1283-1296, 1985

VLF spectrogram on cover

Rietveld, M. T., EOS, 66, 38, 0, 1985

elf-action effects associated with the generation of plasma irregularities during ionospheric modification experiments

Robinson, T. R., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1245-1255, 1985

Experimental Results From the HERO Project: In Situ Measurements of Ionospheric Modifications Using Sounding Rockets

Rose, G., B. Grandal, E. Neske, W. Ott, K. Spenner, J. Holtet, K. Måseide, J. Trøim, J. Geophys. Res., 90, A3, 2851-2860, 1985

How to make a long antenna

Rycroft, M. J., Nature, (“News and views” comment on Barr et al. paper in same issue), 317, 6033, 114-115, 1985

Verstärkung einer durch starke HF-Wellen induzierten Elektronendichtestörung in der polaren E-Schicht*

Stecker, J., Doctoral thesis, Universität Göttingen, 1985

Ionospheric modification experiments with the Tromsø heating facility

Stubbe, P. , H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, A. Frey, P. Hoeg, H. Kohl, E. Nielsen, G. Rose, C. LaHoz, R. Barr, H. Derblom, A. Hedberg, B. Thide, T. B. Jones, T. Robinson, A. Brekke, T. Hansen and O. Holt J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1151-1163, 1985

Parametric and related nonlinear wave-wave interactions in the ionosphere

Thidé, B., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1257-1265, 1985

Publications 1984

Number of publications in 1984: 12.

The effect of a heated patch of auroral ionosphere on VLF radio wave propagation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Nature, 309, 5986, 534-536, 1984

The ‘polar electrojet antenna’ as a source of ELF radiation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide*

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 4, 315-320, 1984

ELF and VLF radiation from the ‘polar electrojet antenna’*

Barr, R, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 19, 4, 1111-1122, 1984

First experimental evidence of HF produced electron density irregularities in the polar ionosphere diagnosed by UHF radio star scintillations

Frey, A., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11, 5, 523-526, 1984

First observations of 140-MHz plasma line backscatter during heating experiments at Tromsø

Hedberg, Å., B. Thidé, R. Boström, H. Derblom, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A12, 11038-11042, 1984

Photometer and spectrometer search of the oxygen green and red lines during artificial ionospheric heating in the auroral zone

Henriksen, K., W. Stoffregen, B. Lybekk, Å. Steen, Annales Geophysicae, 2, 1, 73-76, 1984

Simultaneous Observations of ELF waves from an Artificially Modulated Auroral Electrojet in Space and on the Ground

James, H. G., R. L. Dowden, M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A3, 1655-1666, 1984

Frequency dependence of anomalous absorption caused by high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 2, 147-153, 1984

Durch ionosphärische Leitfähigkeitsänderung erzwungene Wellen*

Krenzien, E., Doctoral thesis, Universität Göttingen, 1984

Direct access to plasma resonance in ionospheric radio experiments*

Mjølhus, E., T. Flaa, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A6, 921-3928, 1984

Heater Beam Scanning: A new Technique for ELF Studies of the Auroral Ionosphere*

Rietveld, M. T., R. Barr, H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, R. L.li liDowden, Radio Sci., 19, 4, 1069-1077, 1984

Stimulated electromagnetic emission: A new technique to study the parametric decay instability in the ionosphere

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, B. Thidé, H. Derblom, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A9, 7523-7536, 1984

Publications 1983

Number of publications in 1983: 17.

Field and wave measurements aboard the Aureol-3 spacecraft

Berthelier, J. J., A. Berthelier, Yu. I. Galperin, V. A. Gladyshev, F. Lefeuvre, N. I. Massevitch, M. Mogilevsky, O. A. Molchanov, Adv. Space Res., 2, 7, 49-52, 1983

Medium frequency radar observations in the middle atmosphere

Czechowsky, P., G. Schmidt, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 45, 10, 729-732, 1983

Ionospheric modification and stimulated emissions

Fejer, J. A., High-latitude Space plasma physics, ed. by B. Hultqvist and T. Hagfors, Plenum Publishing Co., 1983

Preliminary results from the HERO project: In situ measurements of ionospheric modifications using sounding rockets

Grandal, B., G. Rose, J. Holtet, K. Måseide, E. Neske, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-195, 75-80, 1983

Observations of enhanced plasma lines by EISCAT during heating experiments

Hagfors, T., W. Kofman, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, T. Äijänen, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 861-866, 1983

Observations of HF backscatter associated with heating experiment at Tromsø

Hedberg, Å, H. Derblom, B. Thidé, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 840-850, 1983

Production of Auroral Zone E Region Irregularities by Powerful HF Heating

Hibberd, F. H., E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 88, A8, 6347-6351, 1983

Non-linear effects in the ionospheric propagation of high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, IEE Antennas and Propagation Conf Proc, No. 219, 304-307, 1983

A hysteresis effect in the generation of FAI by high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 18, 835, 1983

The electron and ion spectra of radar returns from the critical height during ionospheric heating experiments

Kohl, H., C. LaHoz, K. Folkestad, T. Hansen, H. Kopka, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-195, 91-97, 1983

Anregung Erdmagnetischer Pulsationen durch lokales aufheizen der polaren Ionosphäre mit energiereichen Hochfrequenzwellen, Doctoral thesis

Lotz-Iwen, H.-J., Universität Göttingen, 1983

Ionospheric Electric Field Pulsations: A Comparison Between VLF Results From an Ionospheric Heating Experiment and STARE

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, R. L. Dowden, J. Geophys. Res., 88, A3, 2140-2146, 1983

The modification of the high latitude ionosphere by high power radio waves, Doctoral thesis

Robinson, T. R., University of Leicester, 1983

First results of the in situ measurements of the HERO Heating Campaign

Rose, G., B. Grandal, E. Neske, W. Ott, K. Spenner, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-183, 263-267, 1983

Summary of results obtained with the Tromsø heating facility

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 831-834, 1983

Summary of ionospheric Heating experiments at Tromsø

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-195, 47-50, 1983

Observations of stimulated electromagnetic emissions in ionospheric heating experiments

Thidé, B., H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 851-859, 1983

Publications 1982

Number of publications in 1982: 8.

Theory of generation of ULF pulsations by ionospheric modification experiments*

Fejer, J. A., E. Krenzien, Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44, 12, 1075-1087, 1982

Phase changes induced in a diagnostic radio wave passing through a heated region of the auroral ionosphere

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 87, A3, 1557-1546, 1982

Anomalous absorption effects produced by high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, AGARD Conf Proc , No. 332, 5.1-1 – 5.1-19, 1982

Non-linear reflectivity of high power radio waves in the ionosphere

Kopka, H., P. Stubbe, T. B. Jones, T. R. Robinson, Nature, 295, 5851, 680-680, 1982

Wide band attenuation caused by powerful HF waves

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, T. B. Jones, T. R. Robinson, J. Geophys. Res., 87, A3, 1551-1556, 1982

ELF and VLF wave generation by modulated heating of the current carrying lower ionosphere

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, R. L. Dowden, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys, 44, 12, 1123-1135, 1982

Ionospheric modification experiments in northern Scandinavia

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, H. Lauche, M. T. Rietveld, A. Brekke, O. Holt, T. B. Jones , T. Robinson, A. Hedberg, B. Thidé, B. Crochet, H.-J. Lotz J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44, 12, 1025-1041, 1982

Observations of stimulated scattering of a strong high-frequency wave in the ionosphere

Thidé, B., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Phys. Rev., Lett., 49, 21, , 1561-1564,, 1982

Publications 1981

Number of publications in 1981: 5.

VLF wave generation by modulated RF heating of the electrojet ionosphere

Dowden, R. L., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Adv. Space Res., 1, 221-223, 1981

The effect of Plasma instabilities on the ionospherically reflected wave from a high power transmitter

Fejer, J. A., H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A7, 5746-5750, 1981

Modifying effects of a strong electromagnetic wave upon a weakly ionized plasma: a kinetic description*

Stubbe, P., Radio Sci., 16, 3, 417-425, 1981

Generation of Pc 5 pulsations by Polar electrojet modulation: first experimental evidence

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A3, 1606-1608, 1981

Generation of ELF and VLF waves by polar electrojet modulation: experimental results

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, R. L. Dowden, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A11, 9073-9078, 1981

Publications 1980

Number of publications in 1980: 2.

Modification of the F region by powerful radio waves*

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Exploration of the Polar Upper Atmosphere, 83-98, eds C. S. Deehr and J. A. Holtet, 1980

First results from the Tromsø¸ ionospheric modification facility

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, A. Brekke, T. Hansen, O. Holt, R. L. Dowden, T. B. Jones, T. R. Robinson, H.-J. Lotz, J. Watermann AGARD Conf Proc , No. 295, 16.1-16.9, 1980

Publications 1979

Number of publications in 1979: 3.

The modification of the antenna array and the determination of the heating frequency for the realization of Heating rocket experiments

Rose, G., Report MPAE-W-46-79-11, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 1979

Ionospheric modification experiments in northern Scandinavia- a description of the Heating project

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Report MPAE-W-02-79-04, 1-13, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 1979

Ionospheric modification experiments in northern Scandinavia- a description of the Heating project

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Report MPAE-W-02-79-04, 1-13, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 1979

Publications 1978

Number of publications in 1978: 2.

Rocket experiments in conjunction with the ionospheric modification experiment in northern Norway

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, G. Rose, Proceedings of Esrange Symposium, Ajaccio, 24-29 April 1978, 107-111, Eds. T. Halvorsen and B. Battrich, ESA SP-135, 1978

Rocket experiments in conjunction with the ionospheric modification experiment in northern Norway

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, G. Rose, Proceedings of Esrange Symposium, Ajaccio, 24-29 April, ESA SP-135, 107-111, Eds. T. Halvorsen and B. Battrich, 1978

Publications 1977

Number of publications in 1977: 4.

Ray tracing of the heating wave and related problems in using sounding rocket probes in the German artificial ionospheric modification experiment planned at Ramfjordmoen

Grandal, B., Internal Report E-273, Job 335/172, Forsvarets Forskningsinstitut, NDRE, Kjeller, Norway, 1977

Modulation of the polar electrojet by powerful HF waves

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, J. Geophys Res., 82, 16, 2319-2325, 1977

Ray tracing of the heating wave and related problems in using sounding rocket probes in the German artificial ionospheric modification experiment planned at Ramfjordmoen

Grandal, B., Internal Report E-273, Job 335/172, Forsvarets Forskningsinstitut, NDRE, Kjeller, Norway, 1977

Modulation of the polar electrojet by powerful HF waves*

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, J. Geophys Res., 82, 16, 2319-2325, 1977

Publications 1976

Number of publications in 1976: 2.

On the ionospheric modification experiment projected at MPI Lindau: Scientific Objectives,

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, AGARD Conf Proc , No. 192, 9.1-9.11, 1976

On the inospheric modification experiment projected at MPI Lindau: Practical realization

Kopka, H., P. Stubbe, R. Zwick, AGARD Conf Proc, No. 192, 10.1-10.7, 1976