Heating publications

Total number of Heating publications: 427.

All Heating publications ordered by year, accending.
This list contains mostly papers in refereed journals with results from the Tromsø Heating facility, but includes theses, proceedings and reports. Papers marked with * are essentially theoretical papers which are directly associated with Tromsø heating experimental results.


Publications 2017

Number of publications in 2017: 10.

Incoherent Scatter Plasma Lines: Observations and Applications

Akbari, H., A. Bhatt, C. La Hoz, J. Semeter, Space Sci. Rev., doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0355-7 2017

First observations of electron gyro-harmonic effects under X-mode HF pumping the high latitude ionospheric F-region

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, A. S. Kalishin, T. K. Yeoman, I. Häggström, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 155, 36-49, doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2017.02.003 2017

Comment on “Parametric instability induced by X-mode wave heating at EISCAT” by Wang et al. (2016)

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, T. K. Yeoman, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122, 12,570–12,585, doi.org/10.1002/2017JA023880 2017

Excitation of Artificial Ionospheric Turbulence in the High-Latitude Ionospheric F Region as a Function of the EISCAT/Heating Effective Radiated Power

Borisova, T. D., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, T. K. Yeoman, I. Häggström, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 60, 4, DOI 10.1007/s11141-017-9798-7 2017

Ground-based Observations and Simulation of Ionospheric VLF Source in Experiments on Modification of the Polar Ionosphere

Lebed’, O. M., Yu. V. Fedorenko, N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, A. V. Larchenko, V. F. Grigor’ev, S. V. Pil’gaev, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 57, 6, 698–705, doi.org/10.1134/S0016793217060068 2017

Remote sensing of mesospheric dust layers using active modulation of PMWE by high-power radiowaves

Mahmoudian, A., A. R. Mohebalhojeh, M. M. Farahani, W. A. Scales, M. Kosch, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA023388 2017

Aspect dependence of Langmuir parametric instability excitation observed by EISCAT

Wang, X., C. Zhou, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074743 2017

Analysis of incoherent scatter during ionospheric heating near the fifth electron gyrofrequency

Wu J., J. Wu, H. Zhao, Z. Xu, Plasma Sci. Technol., 19(4), doi:10.1088/2058-6272/aa58db 2017

Altitude and intensity characteristics of parametric instability excited by an HF pump wave near the fifth electron harmonic

Wu, J., J. Wu, M. T. Rietveld, I. Haggstrom, Zhao, H., Z. Xu, Plasma Sci. Technol., 19, 125303, 2017

The behavior of electron density and temperature during ionospheric heating near the fifth electron gyrofrequency

Wu, J., J. Wu, M. T. Rietveld, I. Haggstrom, H. Zhao, Z. Xu, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023121 2017

Publications 2016

Number of publications in 2016: 10.

Modification of the High-Latitude Ionospheric F Region By High-Power HF Radio Waves at Frequencies Near the fifth and Sixth Electron Gyroharmonics

Borisova, T. D., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, A.S.Kalishin, M.T.Rietveld, T.K.Yeoman, I.Haggstrom, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, Vol.58, No.8, DOI 10.1007/s11141-016-9629-2 2016

Phase calibration of interferometer arrays at high-frequency radars

Burrell, A. G., T. K. Yeoman, S. E. Milan, M. Lester, Radio Sci., 51, doi:10.1002/2016RS006089 2016

Two-dimensional numerical simulation of O-mode to Z-mode conversion in the ionosphere*

Cannon, P. D., F. Honary, N. Borisov, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JA022105 2016

Nanodust shedding and its potential influence on dust-related phenomena in the mesosphere

Havnes, O., T. W. Hartquist, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 12, 363–12,376, doi:10.1002/2016JD025037 2016

Artificial ionospheric layers driven by high-frequency radiowaves: An assessment

Mishin, E., B. Watkins, N. Lehtinen, B. Eliasson, T. Pedersen, S. Grach, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JA021823 2016

New capabilities of the upgraded EISCAT high-power HF facility

Rietveld, M. T., A. Senior, J. Markkanen, A. Westman, Radio Sci., 51, 1533-1546, doi:10.1002/2016RS006093 2016

Ionospheric Electron Number Densities from CUTLASS dual-frequency Velocity Measurements using artificial backscatter over EISCAT

Sarno-Smith, L. K., M. Kosch, T. Yeoman, M. Rietveld, A. Nel, M. Liemohn, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022788 2016

A Theoretical Investigation on the Parametric Instability Excited by X-mode Polarized Electromagnetic Wave at Tromsø

Wang, X., P. Cannon, C. Zhou, F. Honary, B. Ni, Z. Zhao, Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA022411 2016

Parametric instability induced by X-mode wave heating at EISCAT

Wang, X., C. Zhou, M. Liu, F. Honary, B. Ni, Z. Zhao, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JA023070 2016

Results of ionospheric heating experiments involving an enhancement in electron density in the high latitude ionosphere

Wu J, J. Wu, Z. Xu, Plasma Sci. Technol., 18(5), 890, 2016

Publications 2015

Number of publications in 2015: 5.

Modification of the high latitude ionosphere F region by X-mode powerful HF radiowaves: Experimental results from multi-instrument diagnostics

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, T. K. Yeoman, I. Häggström, A. S. Kalishin, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 135, 50-63, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2015.10.009 2015

Automatically determining the origin direction and propagation mode of high-frequency radar backscatter

Burrell, A. G., S. E. Milan, G. W. Perry, T. K. Yeoman, M. Lester, Radio Sci., 50, 1225–1245, doi:10.1002/2015RS005808 2015

Stimulated Brillouin Scattering During Electron Gyro-Harmonic Heating at EISCAT

Fu, H., W. A. Scales, P. A. Bernhardt, S. J. Briczinski, M. J. Kosch, A. Senior, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, J. M. Ruohoniemi, Annales Geophysicae, 33, 983-990, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-983-2015, 2015

A comparison of Overshoot modelling with observations of Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes at radar frequencies 56 and 224 MHz

Havnes, O., H. Pinedo, C. La Hoz, A. Senior, T. Hartquist, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, Ann. Geophys., doi:10.5194/angeo-33-737-2015 2015

Electron Heating Effects on Polar Mesospheric Clouds – A Comparison Between Observations and Modelling

Havnes, Ove, PiPinedo Nava, Henry, La Hoz, Cesar, Senior, Andrew, Hartquist, Tom, Rietveld, Michael T, Kosch, M.J., Proceedings of the Cluster and Double Star Symposium – 5th Anniversary of Cluster in Space 2015, 71 – 77, ISSN 1609-042X, 2015

Publications 2014

Number of publications in 2014: 13.

Optical and Ionospheric Phenomena at EISCAT under Continuous X-mode HF Pumping

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, M. Kosch, T. Sergienko, U. Brändström, T. K. Yeoman, I. Häggström, J. Geophys. Res., 119, DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020658 2014

Phenomena in the High Latitude F-Region of the Ionosphere Induced by a HF Heater Wave at Frequencies near the Fourth Electron Gyroharmonic

Borisova, T. D., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, A. S. Kalishin, M. Kosch, A. Senior, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, I. Hagstrom, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 62, 1, 1-22, 2014

Quantitative modelling of ionospheric modification experiments at EISCAT

Bryers, Carl, Ph.D thesis, University of Lancaster, UK, 2014

A large increase in electron density in ionospheric heating experiment

Cheng, M.-S., B. Xu, Z.-S. Wu, H.-Y. Li, Z-W. Xu, J. Wu, J. Wu, Chinese J. Geophys., 57, 11, 3633-3641, doi:10.6038/cjg20141117 2014

Polarization of ELF waves generated during ”beat-wave” heating experiment near cut-off frequency of the Earth-ionosphere waveguide

Fedorenko, Yu., E. Tereshchenko, S. Pilgaev, V. Grigoryev, N. Blagoveshchenskaya, Rad. Sci., 49, DOI: 10.1002/2013RS005336 2014

First observation of the anomalous electric field in the topside ionosphere by ionospheric modification over EISCAT

Kosch, M. J., H. Vickers, Y. Ogawa, A. Senior, N. Blagoveshchenskaya, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 21,, 7427-7435, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061679 2014

Aspect angle sensitivity of pump-induced optical emissions at EISCAT

Kosch, M. J., C. Bryers, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, Y. Ogawa, Earth, Planets and Space, 66:159, DOI: 10.1186/s40623-014-0159-x 2014

Suppression of Auroral Kilometric Radiation by an HF Heating Facility

Mogilevsky, M. M., D. V. Chugunin, I. L. Moiseenko, T. V. Romantsova, Cosmic Research, 52, 1, 68-71, 2014

ravelling Ionospheric Disturbances over Kharkiv, Ukraine, Accompanying the Operation of the EISCAT Heater Facility

Panasenko, S. V., M. T. Rietveld, C. La Hoz, I. F. Domnin, Bulletin of the National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”. Series: Radiophysics and Ionosphere, 47, 92-98, Kharkiv, 2014

Electron-ion temperature ratio estimations in the summer polar mesosphere when subject to HF radio wave heating

Pinedo, H., C. La Hoz, O. Havnes, M. Rietveld, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 118, A, 106-112, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.016 2014

First modulation of high-frequency polar mesospheric summer echoes by radio heating of the ionosphere

Senior, A., A. Mahmoudian, H. Pinedo, C. La Hoz, M. T. Rietveld, W. A. Scales, M. J. Kosch, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 15, 5347-5353, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060703 2014

Features of amplitude and Doppler frequency variation of ELF/VLF waves generated by “beat-wave” HF heating at high latitudes

Tereshchenko, E. D., O. I. Shumilov, E. A. Kasatkina, A. D. Gomonov, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL060376 2014

Physical mechanisms associated with long range propagation of the signals from ionospheric heating experiments

Zabotin, N. A., V. U. Zavorotny, M. T. Rietveld, Radio Sci., 49, 10, 987–995, DOI: 10.1002/2014RS005573 2014

Publications 2013

Number of publications in 2013: 10.

Dependence of the Pc4 Magnetic Pulsation Parameters on the Radiated Power of the EISCAT HF Heating Facility

Borisova, T. D., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, I. M. Ivanova, M. T. Rietveld, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 53, 1, 32-42, 2013

Plasma modifications induced by an X-mode HF heater wave in the high latitude F region of the ionosphere

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T.D. Borisova, T. K. Yeoman, M. T. Rietveld, I. Häggström, I. M. Ivanova, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 105-106, 231-244, 2013

DIY Northern Lights

Bryers, C., M. Kosch, A. Senior, T. Yeoman, M. Rietveld, Astronomy and Geophysics, 54, 6, 43-44, 2013

A comparison between resonant and non-resonant heating at EISCAT

Bryers, C. J., M. J. Kosch, A. Senior, M. T. Rietveld, W. Singer, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6766-6776, doi:10.1002/jgra.50605 2013

The threshold of plasma instabilities pumped by high frequency radio waves at EISCAT

Bryers, C. J., M. J. Kosch, A. Senior, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 7472-7481, doi:10.1002/2013JA019429 2013

Observation of VHF incoherent scatter spectra disturbed by HF heating

Cheng, M., B. Xu, Z. Wu, H. Li, Z. Wang, Z. Wu, J. Wu, J. Wu, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 105-106, 245-252, 2013

HF wave scattering by field-aligned plasma irregularities considering refraction in the ionosphere

Galushko, V. G.,, V. G. Bezrodny, A. V. Koloskov, V. V. Paznukhov, B. W. Reinisch, Radio Sci., 48, 2, 180–189, DOI: 10.1029/2012RS005072 2013

Observations of HF induced instability in the auroral E region

Schlatter, N. M., N. Ivchenko, B. Gustavsson, T. Leyser, M. Rietveld, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1103-1108, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1103-2013 2013

Radio-Induced Incoherent Scatter Ion Line Enhancements with Wide Altitude Extents in the High-Latitude Ionosphere

Senior, A., M. T. Rietveld, I. Haggstrom, M. J. Kosch, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 9, 1669-1674, DOI: 10.1002/grl.50272 2013

High latitude artificial periodic irregularity observations with the upgraded EISCAT heating facility

Vierinen, J., A. Kero, M. T. Rietveld, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 105-106, 253-261, 2013

Publications 2012

Number of publications in 2012: 7.

Non-equilibrium modeling of the PMSE Overshoot Effect revisited: A comprehensive study*

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, J. Plasma Physics, 78, 03, 303-319, doi:10.1017/S0022377812000141 2012

On the necessary complexity of modeling of the Polar Mesosphere Summer Echo Overshoot Effect*

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, R. Bast, J. Plasma Physics, 8, 03, 225-239, doi:10.1017/S0022377811000596 2012

EISCAT observations of pump-enhanced plasma temperature and optical emission excitation rate as a function of power flux

Bryers, C. J., M. J. Kosch, A. Senior, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A09301, doi:10.1029/2012JA017897 2012

A Possible Mechanism of the “Self-Scattering Effect” of Powerful HF Signals in the Ionosphere

Galushko, V. G., V. G. Bezrodny, A. V. Koloskov, A. V. Zalizovskiy, Radio Physics and Radio Astronomy, 3, 291-302, DOI: 10.1615/RadioPhysicsRadioAstronomy.v3.i4.30 2012

The Dependence of F-region Electron Heating on HF Radio Pump Power: measurements at EISCAT Tromso

Senior, A., M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, M. J. Kosch, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A04309, doi:10.1029/2011JA017267 2012

Modelling of optical emissions enhanced by the HF pumping of the ionospheric F-region

Sergienko, T., B. Gustavsson, U. Brändström, K. Axelsson, Ann. Geophys., 30, 885-895, 2012

The spatial features of the up- and downshifted maxima in stimulated electromagnetic emissions

Tereshchenko, E. D., R. Yu. Yurik, M. T. Rietveld, B. Isham, V. Belyey, Adv. Space Res., 50, 5, 619–622, 2012

Publications 2011

Number of publications in 2011: 13.

Artificial small-scale field-aligned irregularities in the high latitude F region of the ionosphere induced by an X-mode HF heater wave

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., T.D. Borisova, T.K. Yeoman, M.T. Rietveld, I.M. Ivanova, L.J. Baddeley, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L08802, doi:10.1029/2011GL046724 2011

Results of Russian Experiments Dealing with the Impact of Powerful HF Radiowaves on the High-Latitude Ionosphere Using the EISCAT Facilities

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, D. M. Wright, M. Rother, H. Lühr, E. V. Mishin, C. Roth, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 51, 8, 1109-1120, ISSN 0016-7932, 2011

Modification of the high-latitude ionosphere by high-power hf radio waves. 2. Results of coordinated satellite and ground-based observations

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, V. A. Kornienko, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, D. M. Wright, M. Rother, H. Lühr, E. V. Mishin, C. Roth, V.L. Frolov, M. Parot, and J.L. Rauch Radiophys. & Quant. Electr., 54, 2, 89-101, DOI: 10.1007/s11141-011-9273-9 2011

Characteristics of Pc4-5 Pulsations Obtained Using the Method of Bistatic Backscatter of HF Radio Waves, the EISCAT HF Heating Facility, and Ground-Based Magnetometers

Borisova, T. D., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V. A. Kornienko, M. T. Rietveld, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 51, 5, 620-632, ISSN 0016-7932, 2011

Dust charging and density conditions deduced from observations of PMWE modulated by artificial electron heating

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, M. T. Rietveld, M. B. Kassa, G. Baroni, A. Biebricher, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D24203, doi:10.1029/2011JD016411 2011

Temporal development of the magnetic zenith effect

Honary, F., N. Borisov, M. Beharrell, A. Senior, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A06309, doi:10.1029/2010JA016029 2011

Angular dependence of pump-induced bottom- and top-side ionospheric plasma turbulence at EISCAT

Kosch, M.J., E. Mjølhus, M. Ashrafi, M.T. Rietveld, T. Yeoman, S. Nozawa, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A03322, 9 PP., doi:10.1029/2010JA016014 2011

Dusty space plasma diagnosis using temporal behavior of polar mesospheric summer echoes during active modification

Mahmoudian, A., W. A. Scales, M. J. Kosch, A. Senior, M. Rietveld, Ann. Geophys., 29, 2169-2179, 2011

Polar mesospheric summer echoes – studied by active radio wave experiments

Routledge, Graham, PhD thesis, University of Lancaster, UK., 2011

A statistical survey of electron temperature enhancements in heater modulated polar mesospheric summer echoes at EISCAT

Routledge, G., M.J. Kosch, A. Senior, A.J. Kavanagh, I.W. McCrea, M.T. Rietveld, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73, 4, 472-482, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.11.004 2011

Measurements and Modelling of Cosmic Noise Absorption Changes due to Radio Heating of the D-Region Ionosphere

Senior, A., M.T. Rietveld, F. Honary, W. Singer, M. J. Kosch, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A04310, doi:10.1029/2010JA016189 2011

Radar Observations of Artificial Ionospheric Modification Effects

Vickers, Hannah, PhD thesis, University of Leicester, 2011

Observations of unusually broadened HF radar spectra from heater-induced artificial plasma irregularities

Vickers, H., T. Robinson, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A05301, doi:10.1029/2010JA015516 2011

Publications 2010

Number of publications in 2010: 13.

The inversion of incoherent scatter spectra with a non-Maxwellian electron distribution

BIN, Xu, Zhange WANG, Kun XUE, Jian WU, Zhensen WU, Jun WU, Yubo YAN, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72, 5-6, 492-497, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.01.006 2010

Phenomena initiated by powerful HF radio waves the high latitude ionosphere: Results and future plans

Blagoveshchenskaya N.F., Problems of Arctica and Antarctica, V.84. N1, 81-99, 2010

Results from Russian experiments on the impact of powerful HF radio waves in the high latitude ionosphere by using EISCAT facilities

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., T.D. Borisova, M.T. Rietveld, T.K. Yeoman, D.M. Wright, M. Rother, H. Lühr, E.V. Mishin, C. Roth, Solar-Terrestr. Physics, 2010

Modification of the high latitude ionosphere by powerful HF radio waves. 1. Results from multi-instrument ground-based observations

Blagoveshchenskaya N.F., T.D. Borisova, T.K. Yeoman, M.T. Rietveld, Radiophys. & Quant. Electr., 53, 9-10, 2010

The Rise and Fall of Electron Temperatures I: Ohmic Heating of Ionospheric Electrons from Under-Dense HF-radio Wave Pumping

Gustavsson, B., M. T. Rietveld, N. V. Ivchenko, M. J. Kosch, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12332, doi:10.1029/2010JA015873 2010

An analysis of pump-induced artificial ionospheric ion upwelling at EISCAT

Kosch, M.J., Y. Ogawa, M.T. Rietveld, S. Nozawa, R. Fujii, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12317, doi:10.1029/2010JA015854 2010

Model for artificial ionospheric duct formation due to HF heating

Milikh, G. M., A. G. Demekhov, K. Papadopoulos, A. Vartanyan, J. D. Huba, G. Joyce, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L07803, doi:10.1029/2010GL0426 2010

Diagnosing Radio Plasma Heating in the Polar Summer Mesosphere using Cross-Modulation: Theory and Observations

Senior, A., M.T. Rietveld, M.J. Kosch, W. Singer, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A09318, doi:10.1029/2010JA015379 2010

A statistical study of the spatial distribution of Cooperative UK Twin Located Auroral Sounding System (CUTLASS) backscatter power during EISCAT heater beamsweeping experiments

Shergill, H., T.R. Robinson, R.S. Dhillon, M. Lester, S.E. Milan, T.K. Yeoman, J. Geophys., Res., 115, A05307, doi:10.1029/2009JA014659 2010

A method for improving plasma temperature estimates from incoherent scatter analysis during artificial ionospheric modification experiments

Vickers, H., T. Robinson, I. W. McCrea, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A11316, doi:10.1029/2010JA015606 2010

Observations of the heating experiments in the polar winter ionosphere – Analysis in low region

Xu Bin, Wang Zhange, Xu Zhengwen, Wu Zhensen, Wu Jian, Wu Jun, Xue Kun, Che Haiqing, Yan Yubo, Chinese Journal Geophysics, 53(6), 1263-1268, 2010

2D numerical simulation of the artificial ionospheric modification in polar region

Xu Bin, Wu Zhensen, Wu Jian, Che Haiqin, Wu Jun, Xue Kun, Chinese Journal of Radio Science, 25(1), 14-19, 2010

Observation of The Heating Experiments in the Polar Ionosphere in August 2009

Xu Bin, Wang Zhange, Wu Jun, Xu Zhengwen, Xue Kun, Wu Jian, Chinese Journal of Polar Research, 22, 4, 334-347, DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1084.2010.00334, 2010

Publications 2009

Number of publications in 2009: 10.

Phenomena induced by powerful HF pumping towards magnetic zenith with a frequency near the F-region critical frequency and the third electron gyro harmonic frequency

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., H. C. Carlson, V. A. Kornienko, T. D. Borisova, M. T. Rietveld, T. K. Yeoman, A. Brekke, Ann. Geophys., 27, 131-145, 2009

Exploring polar mesospheric summer echoes

Hartquist, T., O. Havnes, M. Kassa, Astronomy & Geophysics, 50, 1, 1.08 – 1.14, 2009

On the sizes and observable effects of dust particles in polar mesospheric winter echoes

Havnes, O., M. Kassa, J. Geophys. Res, 114, D09209, doi:10.1029/2008JD011276 2009

On the sizes, charges and effects of dust particles in polar mesospheric winter echoes

Havnes, O., M. Kassa, G.E. Morfill, C. La Hoz, Proceedings of the 19th ESA Symposium on European rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 7-11 June, Esa publication, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009

Observation and analysis of olar mesospheric winter echoes modulated by artificial electron heating

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, M.T. Rietveld, M. Kassa, G. Baroni, A. Biebricher, Proceedings of the 19th ESA Symposium on European rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 7-11 June, Esa publication, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009

Remote Oxygen Sensing by Ionospheric Excitation (ROSIE)

Kalogerakis, K.S., T.G. Slanger, E.A. Kendall, T.R. Pedersen, M.J. Kosch, B. Gustavsson, M.T. Rietveld, Ann. Geophys., 27, 1-7, 2009

Powerful electromagnetic waves for active environmental research in geospace

Leyser, T. B., A. Y. Wong, Rev. Geophys., 47, RG1001, doi:10.1029/2007RG000235 2009

F-region electron heating by X-mode radiowaves in underdense conditions

Lofas, H., N. Ivchenko, B. Gustavsson, T.B. Leyser, M.T. Rietveld, Ann. Geophysicae, 27, 2585-2592, 2009

Study on the incoherent scatter spectra and its application in the ionospheric heating

Xu, Bin, PhD thesis, Xidian University, China, 2009

Self-scattering of a powerful HF radio wave on stimulated ionospheric turbulence

Zalizovski, A.V., S.B. Kashcheyev, Y.M. Yampolski, V.G. Galushko, V. Belyey, B. Isham, M.T. Rietveld, C. La Hoz, A. Brekke, N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, and V.A. Kornienko Radio Sci., 44, RS3010, doi:10.1029/2008RS004111 2009

Publications 2008

Number of publications in 2008: 12.

First observation of the overshoot effect for polar mesosphere winter echoes during radiowave electron temperature modulation

Belova, E., M. Smirnova, M.T. Rietveld, B. Isham, S. Kirkwood, T. Sergienko, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2007GL032457 2008

Phenomena initiated by ionosphere modification caused by powerful HF radio waves at different latitudes

Blagoveschenskaya, N.F, T.D. Borisova, V.A. Kornienko, T.R. Robinson, T.K. Yeoman, V.L. Frolov, M.T. Rietveld, Physika (in Russian), 12, 2, 206-209, 2008

HF radio wave acceleration of ionospheric electrons, Analysis of HF-induced optical enhancements

Gustavsson, B., B. Eliasson, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08319, doi:10.1029/2007JA012913 2008

Ionospheric D-region studies by means of active heating experiments and modelling

Kero, Antti, PhD thesis, University of Oulu, Finland, ISBN 978-951-42-8915-6, 2008

New incoherent scatter diagnostic methods for the heated D-region ionosphere

Kero, A., J. Vierinen, C.-F. Enell, I. Virtanen, E. Turunen, Ann. Geophys., 26, 2273-2279, 2008

Artificial modification of Polar Mesospheric Winter Echoes (PMWE) with an RF heater: Do charged dust particles play an active role?

La Hoz, C., O. Havnes, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D19205, doi:10.1029/2008JD010460 2008

Electromagnetic and plasma perturbations induced by radio emission of the EISCAT high-frequency heating facility in the outer ionosphere of the earth

Markov, G.A., A.S. Belov, V.L. Frolov, V.O. Rapoport, M. Parrot, J.L. Rauch, M.T. Rietveld, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 51, 11, doi:10.1007/s11141-009-9087-1 2008

The PMSE Overshoot Effect, An Analysis of Campaign Data, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Tromsø

Næsheim, L. I., Ph.D. Thesis, University of Tromsø, Norway, 2008

A comparison of polar mesosphere summer echo at VHF (224 MHz) and UHF (930 MHz) and the effects of artificial electron heating

Næsheim, L. I., O. Havnes, C. La Hoz, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D08205, doi:10.1029/2007JD009245 2008

High-frequency magnetospheric sounding at EISCAT: some trials and their implications

Senior, A., F. Honary, P. J. Chapman, M. T. Rietveld, T. S. Kelso, M. J. Kosch, Radio Sci., 43, RS4009, doi:10.1029/2007RS003779 2008

Amplitude domain analysis of strong range and Doppler spread radar echos

Vierinen, J., M. S. Lehtinen, I. I. Virtanen, Ann. Geophys., 26, 2419-2426, 2008

Mapping ionospheric backscatter measured by the SuperDARN HF radars – Part 2: Assessing SuperDARN virtual height models

Yeoman, T. K., Chisham, G., Baddeley, L. J., Dhillon, R. S., Karhunen, T. J. T., Robinson, T. R., Senior, A., Wright, D. M., Ann. Geophys., 26, 843-852, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-843-2008 2008

Publications 2007

Number of publications in 2007: 7.

Spatiotemporal evolution of radio wave pump-induced ionospheric phenomena near the fourth electron gyro-harmonic

Ashrafi, M., M. J. Kosch, K. Kaila, B. Isham, J. Geophys. Res., A05314, doi:10.1029/2006JA011938 2007

Some distinctive features in the behavior of small-scale artificial ionospheric irregularities at mid- and high latitudes

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, V. A. Kornienko, V. F. Frolov, M. T. Rietveld, A. Brekke, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 50, 8, 619-632, 2007

Determining the ionospheric irregularity velocity vector based on Doppler measurements in the artificially modified F2 region of the polar ionosphere

Borisova, T. D., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V. A. Kornienko, M. T. Rietveld, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 47, 1, 76-84, ISSN 0016-7932, 2007

A decade of the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN): scientific achievements, new techniques and future directions

Chisham, G., M. Lester, S. E. Milan, M. P. Freeman, W. A. Bristow, A. Grocott, K. A. McWilliams, J. M. Ruohoniemi, T. K. Yeoman, P. L. Dyson, R. A. Greenwald, T. Kikuchi, M. Pinnock, J. P. S. Rash, N. Sato, G. J. Sofko, J.-P. Villain, A. D. M. Walker Surveys in Geophysics, 28, 1, 33-109, 2007

Statistical signature of active D-region HF heating in IRIS riometer data from 1994-2004

Kero, A., C.-F. Enell, Th. Ulich, E. Turunen, M. T. Rietveld, F.H. Honary, Ann. Geophys., 25, 407-415, 2007

Artificial optical emissions in the high-latitude thermosphere induced by powerful radio waves: An observational review

Kosch, M. J., T. Pedersen, M. T. Rietveld, B. Gustavsson, S. M. Grach, T. Hagfors, Adv. Space. Res., 40, 365-376, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2007.02.061 2007

Time evolution of artificial electron heating in polar mesosphere summer echo layers

Havnes, O., M. Kassa, M. Kassa, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D08202, doi:10.1029/2006JD007660 2007

Publications 2006

Number of publications in 2006: 19.

Radio and optical studies of natural and artificially stimulated geospace plasmas

Ashrafi, M., Ph.D. thesis, Lancaster University, UK, 2006

Heater-Induced altitude descent of the EISCAT UHF ion line enhancements: Observations and modelling

Ashrafi, M., M.J. Kosch, F. Honary, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2645-2652, 2006

On the influence of plasma absorption by dust on the PMSE overshoot effect

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, T.W. Hartquist, C. LaHoz, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2541-2550, 2006

Artificial Field-Aligned Irregularities in the Nightside Auroral Ionosphere

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F, T.D. Borisova, V. A. Kornienko, T.B. Leyser, M.T. Rietveld, B. Thide, Adv. Space Res., 38,11, 2503-2510, 2006

Heater-Induced Phenomena in a Coupled Ionosphere-Magnetosphere System

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., V.A. Kornienko, T.D. Borisova, M.T. Rietveld, T. Bosinger, B. Thide, T.B. Leyser, A. Brekke, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2495-2502, 2006

Probing of medium-scale travelling ionospheric disturbances using HF-induced scatter targets

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., T.D. Borisova, V.A. Kornienko, I.V. Moskvin, M.T. Rietveld, V.L. Frolov, V.P. Uryadov, L.M. Kagan, Yu M. Yampolski, V.L. Galushko, A.V. Koloskov, S.B. Kasheev, A.V. Zalizovski, G.G. Vertogradov, V.G. Vertogradov, M.C. Kelley Ann. Geophys., 24, 2333-2345, 2006

ALIS – highlights, status and future plans

Brändström, U., I. Sandahl, T. Sergienko, A. Pellinen-Wannberg, B. Gustavsson, M. Rietveld, T. Aso, Å. Steen, Proceedings of 29th Annual Seminar “Physics of Auroral Phenomena”, 27 February-3 March , 217-220, Apatity, Russia, 2006

Nonlinear evolution of thermal self-focusing instability in ionospheric modifications at high latitudes: Aspect angle dependence

Gondarenko, N.A., S. L. Ossakow, G. M. Milikh, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L16104, doi:10.1029/2006GL025916 2006

Electron gyroharmonic effects in ionization and electron acceleration during HF pumping in the ionosphere

Gustavsson, B., T. B. Leyser, M. Kosch, M. T. Rietveld, A. Steen, B. U. E. Brandstrom, T. Aso, Phys. Res. Lett., 97, 190052, 2006

Observations of the overshoot effect during the 2004 EISCAT PMSE campaign

Havnes O., C. La Hoz, A. Aylward, E. Belova, T.W. Hartquist, M.J. Kosch, G. Morrfill, G.O.L. Jones, L.I. Naesheim, M.T. Rietveld, M. Rubin-Zuzic and F. Sigernes Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2344-2352, 2006

Recognising the blue emission in artificial aurora

Holma H., K. Kaila, M.J. Kosch, M.T. Rietveld, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2653-2658, 2006

First observations of the artificial modulation of polar mesospheric winter echoes

Kavanagh, A.J., F. Honary, M. T. Rietveld, A. Senior, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19801, doi:10.1029/2006GL027565 2006

Observations and theories of Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes at a Bragg wavelength of 16 cm

La Hoz, C., O. Havnes, L. I. Næsheim, D. L. Hysell, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D4,D04203, doi10.1029/2005JD006044 2006

Influence of neutral spices on the artificial magnetic pulsations excitation

Pashin, A.B., A.A. Mochalov, 241-244, ISBN 5-91137-009-3 2006

First observations of SPEAR induced artificial backscatter from CUTLASS and the EISCAT Svalbard radar

Robinson, T. R., T. K. Yeoman, R. S. Dhillon, M. Lester, E. C. Thomas, J. D. Thornhill, D. M. Wright, A. P. van Eyken, I. McCrea, Annales Geophysicae, 24, 291 – 309, 2006

Effects of high-latitude atmospheric gravity wave disturbances on artificial HF radar backscatter

Senior, A, Kosch, M. J., Yeoman, T. K., Rietveld, M. T., McCrea, I. W., Ann. Geophys., 24, 2347–2361, 2006

Directional features of the downshifted peak observed in HF-induced stimulated electromagnetic emission spectra obtained using an interferometer

Tereshchenko, E. D., R. Yu. Yurik, B. Z. Khudukon, M. T. Rietveld, B. Isham, V. Belyey, A. Brekke, T. Hagfors, M. Grill, Ann. Geophys., 24, 1819 – 1827, 2006

The relationship between small-scale and large-scale ionospheric electron density irregularities generated by powerful HF electromagnetic waves at high latitudes

Tereshchenko, E.D., B. Z. Khudukon, M. T. Rietveld, B. Isham, T. Hagfors, A. Brekke, Ann. Geophys., 24,11, 2901-2909, 2006

Saturation and hysteresis effects in ionospheric modification experiments observed by the CUTLASS and EISCAT radars

Wright, D. M., J. A. Davies, T. K. Yeoman, T. R. Robinson, H. Shergill, Ann. Geophys., 24, 543–553, 2006

Publications 2005

Number of publications in 2005: 7.

Phenomena in the ionosphere-magnetosphere system induced by injection of powerful HF radio waves into nightside auroral ionosphere

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, V. A. Kornienko, B. Thidé, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, T. Bösinger, Annales Geophysicae, 23, 87-100, 2005

Ionospheric Effects Observed when the Tromsø HF Heating Facility Was Turned on/off

Borisova, T.D., N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V.A. Kornienko, M.T. Rietveld, B. Thide, T.B. Leyser, Geomag. Aeron., 45, 3, 390-397, 2005

Effects of D-region RF heating studied with the Sodankyla Ion Chemistry model*

Enell, C.-F. , A. Kero, E. Turunen, Th. Ulich, P. T. Verronen, A. Sepp, S. Marple, F. Honary , A. Senior, Ann. Geophysicae, 23, 1575-1583, 2005

Observations of time dependence and aspect sensitivity of regions of enhanced UHF backscatter associated with RF heating

Dhillon, R. S., T. R. Robinson, Annales Geophysicae, 23, 75-85, 2005

The electron distribution during HF pumping – a picture painted in all colours

Gustavsson B., T. Sergienko, M.J. Kosch, M.T. Rietveld, A. Steen, B.U.E. Brandstrom, T.B. Leyser, B. Isham, P. Gallop, T. Aso, M. Ejiri, K. Kaila, J. Jussila and H. Holma Annales Geophysicae, 223, 1747-175, 2005

An interferometer experiment to explore the aspect angle dependence of stimulated electromagnetic emission spectra

Isham, B., T. Hagfors, B. Khudukon, R. Yu. Yurik, E. D. Tereshchenko, M. T. Rietveld, V. Belyey, M. Grill, C. La Hoz, A. Brekke, C. Heinselman Annales Geophysicae, 23, 55-74, 2005

The effect of electron bite-outs on artificial electron heating and the PMSE overshoot

Kassa, M., O. Havnes, E. Belova, Annales Geophysicae, 23, 3633-3643, 2005

Publications 2004

Number of publications in 2004: 12.

Seeding of Langmuir turbulence by high power HF modification during aurora, Summary of Presentations, Volume II (Poster Papers)

Belyey, V., B. Isham, T. B. Leyser, M. T. Rietveld, RF Ionospheric Interactions Workshop, 18-21 April, 1123-1126, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2004

First 100 ms of HF modification at Tromsø, Norway

Djuth, F. T., B. Isham, M. T. Rietveld, T. Hagfors, C. La Hoz, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A11307, doi:10.1029/2003JA010236 2004

Simulation of high energy tail of electron distribution function*

Gustavsson, B., T. Sergienko, I. Häggström, F. Honary, Adv. Polar Upper Atmos. Res., 18, 1-9, 2004

Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes (PMSE) overshoot effect due to cycling of artificial electron heating*

Havnes, O., J. Geophys. Res., 109, A02309, doi:10.1029/2003JA010159 2004

Investigation of the Mesospheric PMSE Conditions by Use of the New Overshoot Effect

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, A. Biebricher, M. Kassa, T. Meseret, I. Naesheim, T. Zivkovic, Physica Scripta, T107, 70, 2004

Novel artificial optical annular structures in the high latitude ionosphere over EISCAT

Kosch, M.J., M. T. Rietveld, A. Senior, I. W. McCrea, A. J. Kavanagh, B. Isham, F. Honary, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L12805, doi:10.1029/2004GL019713 2004

Electric Field Variations in the Magnetosphere Originated from Ionospheric Heated Volume, “Physics of Auroral Phenomena”

Pashin, A.B., A.L. Kotikov, T. Yeoman, M.T. Rietveld, M.I. Pudovkin, A.A. Mochalov, A. Maulini, S. Shibkov, Yu.A. Kopytenko, Proc. XXVII Annual Seminar, 73-76, Apatity, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Science, 2004

Correction to “Ionospheric electron heating, optical emissions, and striations induced by powerful HF radio waves at high latitudes: Aspect angle dependence”

Rietveld, M.T., M.J. Kosch, N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V.A. Kornienko, T.B. Leyser, T.K. Yeoman, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 109, No. A4, A04306, doi:10.1029/2004JA010460 2004

Multi-frequency HF radar measurements of artificial F-region field-aligned irregularities

Senior, A., N.D. Borisov, M.J. Kosch, T.K. Yeoman, F. Honary, M.T. Rietveld, Ann. Geophys., 22, 3503-3511, 2004

High resolution observations of spectral width features associated with ULF wave signatures in artificial HF radar backscatter

Wright, D.M., T. K. Yeoman, R. Dhillon, M. Lester, J.A. Davies, S. Millan, E.E. Woodfield, T. Bosinger, Ann. Geophys., 22, 169-182, 2004

Spectral features of HF signals from the EISCAT heating facility in Europe and in Antarctica

Zalizovski, A.V., S.B. Kashcheyev, Yu.M. Yampolski, V.G. Galushko, V.S. Beley, B. Isham, M.T. Rietveld, C. La Hoz, A. Brekke, N.F. Blagoveschenskaya, V.A. Kornienko Radiofizika i Radioastronomiya (Radiophysics and Radio Astronomy), 9, 3, 261-273, 2004

Interball mission generates results on magnetospheric dynamics and magnetosphere-ionosphere interaction

Zelenyi, L.M., A.A. Petrukovich, V.N. Lutsenko, M.M. Mogilevsky, EOS, 85, 17, 27 April, 2004

Publications 2003

Number of publications in 2003: 12.

The response time of PMSE to ionospheric heating

Belova, E., P. B. Chilson, S. Kirkwood, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 108, D8, (PMR 13-1 to PMR 13-6), 8446, doi:10.1029/2002JD002385 2003

The Auroral Large Imaging System-Design, operation and scientific results

Brändström, Urban, Ph. D. Thesis, IRF Scientific Report 279, 2003

First observations of the PMSE overshoot effect and its use for investigating the conditions in the summer mesosphere

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, L. I. Naesheim, M. T. Rietveld, Geophys Res. Lett., 30, 23, 2229, doi:10.1029/2003GL018429 2003

Modification of the local substorm ionospheric and field-aligned currents produced by Tromsø heating facility, International Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

Kornienko, V. A., N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, T. D. Borisova, B. Thide, A. Brekke, International Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Published by the American Geophysical Union Vol. 4, No 1, April, 2003

High-latitude artificial aurora from EISCAT: An Unique Phenomenon?

Kosch, M. J., M. T. Rietveld, F. Honary, T. Hagfors, 28th Annual Optical Meeting conference proceedings, 7-10, University of Oulu, Finland, 2003

Geometric aspects of HF-driven Langmuir turbulence in the ionosphere, Nonlin*

Mjølhus, E, Helmersen, E., DuBois, D. F., Proc. Geophys., 10, 151–177, 2003

Observations of backscatter autocorrelation functions from 1.07-m ionospheric irregularities generated by the European Incoherent Scatter Heater Facility

Nielsen, E., M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A5, 1166, doi:10.1029/2002JA009537 2003

Excitation of Ionospheric Alfven Resonator by Artificial Magnetic Pulsations, “Physics of Auroral Phenomena”

Pashin, A.B., A.A. Mochalov, T. Bosinger, M.T. Rietveld, Proc. XXVI Annual Seminar, Apatity, 111-114, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Science, 2003

Numerical Simulation of Auroral Absorption in the Artificially Disturbed Ionosphere*

Pashin, A.B., A. L. Kotikov, M. I. Pudovkin, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, v.43, No.1, 59-62, 2003

Ionospheric electron heating, optical emissions and striations induced by powerful HF radio waves at high latitudes: aspect angle dependence

Rietveld, M. T., M. J. Kosch, N. F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V. A. Kornienko, T. B. Leyser, T. K. Yeoman, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A4, (SIA 2-1 to SIA 2-16), 1141, doi:10.1029/2002JA009543 2003

Stimulated electromagnetic emissions in the ionosphere: On possible signatures of non-linear wave interaction in digital data

Söderström, D., Master’s thesis (IRF Scientific Report; 282) , Uppsala University, Sweden, 2003

Detection of artificially generated ULF waves by the FAST spacecraft and its application to the “tagging” of narrow flux tubes

Wright, D. M., J. A. Davies, T. K. Yeoman, T. Robinson, S. R Cash, E. Kolesnikova, M. Lester, P. J. Chapman, R. J. Strangeway, R. B. Horne, M. T. Rietveld, C. W. Carlson J. Geophys. Res., 108, A2, (SIA 16-1 to SIA 16-14), 1090, doi:10.1029/2002JA009483 2003

Publications 2002

Number of publications in 2002: 14.

Morning sector drift-bounce resonance driven ULF waves observed in artificially-induced HF radar backscatter

Baddeley, L. J., T. K. Yeoman, D. M. Wright, J. A. Davies, K. J. Trattner, J. L. Roeder, Ann. Geophys., 20, 9, 1487-1498, 2002

Ionospheric HF Pump Wave Triggering of Auroral Activation on October 2, 1998

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., V. A. Kornienko, T. D. Borisova, M. T. Rietveld, B. Thidø, Proceedings of ICS6 (Sixth International Conference on Substorms), 450-455, ed. R. M. Winglee, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, 2002

Modification of the Ionosphere – Magnetosphere Coupling by HF Pumping into Night-Side Auroral Ionosphere

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, V. A. Kornienko, M. T. Rietveld, B. Thide, M.J. Kosch, Proceedings of ICS6 (Sixth International Conference on Substorms), 422-427, ed. R. M. Winglee, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, 2002

Doppler shift simulation of scattered HF signals during the Tromsø HF pumping experiment on 16 February, 1996

Borisova, T. D., N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, I.V. Moskvin, M.T. Rietveld, M.J. Kosch, B. Thidø, Ann. Geophys., 20, 9, 1479-1486, 2002

Electron acceleration observed by the FAST satellite within the IAR during a 3 Hz modulated EISCAT heater experiment

Cash, S. R., J. A. Davies, E. Kolesnikova, T. R. Robinson, D. M. Wright, T. K. Yeoman, R. J. Strangeway, Ann. Geophys., 20, 9, 1499-1507, 2002

Radar ACFs and turbulence characteristics from artificially generated field-aligned irregularities

Dhillon, R. S., T. R. Robinson, D. M. Wright, Geophys. Res. Lett, 29, 17, 1830, doi:10.1029/2002GL015364, 2002

Nearly simultaneous images of HF-pump enhanced airglow at 6300 Å and 5577 Å

Gustavsson, B., B. U. E. Brändström, Å. Steen, T. Sergienko, T. B. Leyser, M. T. Rietveld, T. Aso, M. Ejiri, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 24, 2220, doi:10.1029/2002GL015350 2002

Aurora – Revontulien Taivaallinen Naytelma (English title: Aurora – Heavenly Display of Northern Lights, text in Finnish with English summary)

Jussila, J, Sanoma WSOY , (Helsinki, Finland, 128 2002

Excitation of Alfven waves by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere, with application to FAST observations

Kolesnikova, E., T. R. Robinson, J. A. Davies, D. M. Wright, M. Lester, Ann. Geophys., 20, 57-67, 2002

Predicted and observed characteristics of small-scale field-aligned irregularities generated in the F-region by low power HF heating

Kolesnikova, E., T. R. Robinson, J. A. Davies, Ann. Geophys., 20, 647-653, 2002

The high-latitude artificial aurora of 21 February 1999: An analysis

Kosch, M. J., M. T. Rietveld, T. Yeoman, K. Cierpka, T. Hagfors, Adv. Polar Upper Atmos. Res., 16, 1-12, 2002

High-latitude pump-induced optical emissions for frequencies close to the third electron gyro-harmonic

Kosch, M. J., M. T. Rietveld, A. J. Kavanagh, C. Davis, T. Yeoman, F. Honary, T. Hagfors, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 23, 2112, doi:10.1029/2002GL015744 2002

HF-Pump-Induced Parametric Instabilities in the Auroral E-Region

Rietveld, M. T., B. Isham, T. Grydeland, C. La Hoz, T. B. Leyser, F. Honary, H. Ueda, M. Kosch, T. Hagfors, Adv. Space Res., 29, 9, 1363-1368, 2002

Effects of multiple scatter on the propagation and absorption of electromagnetic waves in a field-aligned-striated cold magneto-plasma: implications for ionospheric modification experiments*

Robinson, T. R., Ann. Geophys., 20, 41-55, 2002

Publications 2001

Number of publications in 2001: 13.

Electron Temperature Dependence of PMSE Power: Experimental and Modelling Results

Belova, E., P. Chilson, M. Rapp, S. Kirkwood, Adv. Space Res., 28, 7, 1077-1082, 2001

Ionospheric HF pump wave triggering of local auroral activation

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., V. A. Kornienko, T. D. Borisova, B. Thidé, M. J. Kosch, M. T. Rietveld, E. V. Mishin, R. Y. Luk’yanova, O. A. Troschichev, J. Geophys. Res., 106, A12, 29071-29090, 2001

Excitation of heater-enhanced plasma and ion lines near the reflection level of a high-frequency pump wave*

Borisov, N. D., T. Hagfors, J. Plasma Physics, 66, 1&2, 71-89, 2001

Radar studies of natural and artificial waves and instabilities in the auroral ionosphere

Dhillon, R. S., Ph. D. thesis, University of Leicester, 2001

First tomographic estimate of volume distribution of HF-pump enhanced airglow emission

Gustavsson, B., T. Sergienko, M. T. Rietveld, F. Honary, Å. Steen, B. U. E. Brändström, T. B. Leyser, A. L. Aruliah, T. Aso, M. Ejiri and S. Marple J. Geophys. Res., 106, A12, 29105-29124, 2001

Radio wave propagation aspects of the CUTLASS radar

Jones, T.B., M. Lester, S. E. Milan, T. R. Robinson, D. M. Wright, R. S. Dillon, J. Atmos Solar Terr. Physics., 63 (2-3), 99-105, 2001

The Peculiarities of Auroral Electrojet Dynamics During a Heating Transmitter Influence on the Polar Ionosphere

Kotikov A. L., V. A. Kornienko, M. J. Kosch, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 41(3), 355-362, 2001

Stimulated electromagnetic emissions by highfrequency electromagnetic pumping of the ionospheric plasma

Leyser T. B. , Space Sci. Rev., 98, 223-328, 2001

A generation mechanism for topside enhanced incoherent backscatter during high frequency modification experiments in Tromsø

Mishin, E., T. Hagfors, B. Isham, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 3, 479-482, 2001

Symposium highlights results from HF-interaction experiments

Rietveld, M. T., B. Isham, EOS, 82, 25, 273, 2001

The Sura-EISCAT-WIND Experiments: Ionospheric Influence on the Response of a Decameter Interferometer with a Superlong Baseline

Tokarev, Yu. V., V. A. Alimov, G. P. Komrakov, G. N. Boiko, M. T. Rietveld, P. Rodriguez, J.-L. Bougeret, M. L. Kaiser, K. Goetz, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 44 (10), 751-762, 2001

ULF waves with drift resonance and drift bounce resonance energy sources as observed in artificially-induced HF radar backscatter

Yeoman, T. K., D. M. Wright, Annales Geophysicae, 19, 159-170, 2001

An evaluation of range accuracy in the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network over-the-horizon HF radar systems

Yeoman, T. K., D. M. Wright, A. J. Stocker, T. B. Jones, Radio Sci., 36, 4, 801-813, 2001

Publications 2000

Number of publications in 2000: 19.

ELF and VLF radio waves

Barr, R., D. Llanwyn Jones, C.J. Rodger, J. Atmos Solar Terr. Physics., 62, 1689-1718, 2000

Triggering of local substorm activation by powerful HF radio waves

Rietveld, E., V. Mishin,, R. Yu. Luk’yanova, O. A. Troshichev, Proc. 5th International Conference on Substorms, 16-20 May 2000, ESA SP-443, 477-480, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2000

Generation of artificial magnetic pulsations in the Pc1 frequency range by periodic heating of the Earth’s ionosphere: indications of Alfven resonator effects

Bösinger, T., A. Kero, P. Pollari, A. Pashin, P. Belyaev, M. Rietveld, T. Turunen, J. Kangas, J. Atmos Solar Terr. Physics., 62, 4, 277-297, 2000

First artificially induced modulation of PMSE using the EISCAT heating facility

Chilson, P. B., E. Belova, M. T. Rietveld, S. Kirkwood, U.-P. Hoppe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 23, 3801-3804, 2000

ACFs and turbulence characteristics from artificial field-aligned irregularities

Dhillon, R. S., D. M. Wright, R. Andre, T. R. Robinson, Proceedings of the SuperDARN Workshop, Beechworth, Australia, 2000

Three dimensional imaging of aurora and airglow

Gustavsson, Bjorn, Doctoral thesis, IRF Scientific Report 267, September, 2000

First EISCAT measurement of electron-gas temperature in the artificially heated D-region ionosphere

Kero, A., T. Bösinger, P. Pollari, E. Turunen, M. Rietveld, Ann. Geophysicae, 18, 9, 1210-1215, 2000

HF Induced airglow: double patches!

Kosch, M., M. T. Rietveld, Å. Steen, T. Hagfors, Phys. Chem. Earth(B), 25,5-6, 475-481, 2000

High-latitude HF-induced airglow displaced equatorwards of the pump beam

Kosch, M., M. T. Rietveld, T. Hagfors, T. B. Leyser, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 17, 2817-2820, 2000

Auroral electrojet dynamics in relation with the HF ionosphere heating

Kotikov, A. L., M. I. Pudovkin, A. B. Pashin, E. Yu. Grazhdantseva, T. Bösinger, M. T. Rietveld, Proc. 5th International Conference on Substorms, 16-20 May, ESA SP-443, 507-510, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2000

Simultaneous measurements of high-frequency pump-enhanced airglow and ionospheric temperatures at auroral latitudes

Leyser, T. B., B. Gustavsson, B. U. E. Brandstrom, Å. Steen, F. Honary, M. T. Rietveld, T. Aso, M. Ejiri, Adv. Polar Upper Atmos. Res., 14, 1-11, 2000

Numerical modeling of the auroral electrojet disturbances produced by HF ionosphere heating

Pashin, A.B., E. Yu. Grazhdantseva, A. L. Kotikov, M. I. Pudovkin, T. Bösinger, M. T. Rietveld, Proc. 5th International Conference on Substorms, 16-20 May, ESA SP-443, 537-540, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2000

Electron temperature control of PMSE*

Rapp, M., F.-J. Lubken, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 20, 3285-3288, 2000

Measurements of HF-enhanced plasma and ion lines at EISCAT with high altitude resolution

Rietveld, M. T., B. Isham, H. Kohl, C. La Hoz, T. Hagfors, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A4, 7429-7439, 2000

FAST observations of ULF waves injected into the magnetosphere by means of modulated RF heating of the auroral electrojet

Robinson, T.R., R. Strangeway, D.M. Wright, J.A. Davies, R.B. Horne, T.K. Yeoman, A. J. Stocker, M. Lester, M.T. Rietveld, I.R. Mann, C.W. Carlson, and J.P. McFadden Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 19, 3165-3168, 2000

Analysis of excitation of the 630.0 nm airglow during a heating experiment in Tromso on February 16, 1999

Sergienko, T., B. Gustavsson, Å. Steen, U. Brändström, M. T. Rietveld, T. B. Leyser, F. Honary, Phys. Chem. Earth(B), 25, 5-6, 531-535, 2000

, Irregular structures of the F layer at high latitudes during ionospheric heating

Tereschenko, E. D., M. O. Kozlova, O. V. Evstafiev, B. Z. Khudukon, T. Nygren, M. Rietveld, A. Brekke, Ann. Geophysicae, 18, 9, 1197-1209, 2000

Space Plasma Exploration by Active Radar (SPEAR): an overview of a future radar facility

Wright, D. M., J. A. Davies, T. R. Robinson, P. J. Chapman, T. K. Yeoman, E. C. Thomas, M. Lester, S. W. H. Cowley, A. J. Stocker, R. B. Horne, F. Honary Ann. Geophysicae, 18, 9, 1248-1255, 2000

Drift resonance and drift bounce resonance energy sources for ULF waves observed in artificially-induced back scatter

Yeoman, T. K., D. M. Wright, SuperDARN Workshop, Beechworth, Australia, 2000

Publications 1999

Number of publications in 1999: 10.

ELF wave generation in the ionosphere using pulse modulated HF heating: initial tests of a technique for increasing ELF wave generation efficiency

Barr R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, Ann. Geophysicae, 17, 759-769, 1999

Phenomena observed by HF Long-distance diagnostic tools in the HF modified auroral ionosphere during magnetospheric substorm

Blagoveschenskaya, N. F., V.A. Kornienko, A. Brekke, M.T. Rietveld, M. Kosch, T.D. Borisova, M.V. Krylosov, Radio Sci., 34, 3, 715-724, 1999

Unambiguous evidence of HF pump-enhanced airglow at auroral latitudes

Brändström, B. U. E. , T. B. Leyser, Å. Steen, M. T. Rietveld, B. Gustavsson, T. Aso, M. Ejiri, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 23, 3561-3564, 1999

ALIS observations of heater induced airglow at high latitudes, Proceedings 14th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research

Brändström, U. , T. Leyser, Å. Steen, M. T. Rietveld, B. Gustavsson, T. Aso, M. Ejiri, ESA SP-437, 389, 1999

First direct observations of the reduced striations at pump frequencies close to the electron gyroharmonics

Honary, F., T. R. Robinson, D. M. Wright, A. J. Stocker, M. T. Rietveld, Annales Geophysicae, 17, 9, 1235-1238, 1999

A search for the location of the HF excitation of enhanced ion acoustic and Langmuir waves wit EISCAT and the Tromsø heater

Isham, B., T. Hagfors, E. Mishin, M. Rietveld, C. LaHoz, W. Kofman, T. Leyser, Radiophysics & Quantum electronics, 42, 7, 607-618, 1999

Aspect angle dependence of HF enhanced incoherent backscatter

Isham, B., M. T. Rietveld, T. Hagfors, C. LaHoz, E. Mishin, W. Kofman, T. B. Leyser, A. P. van Eyken, Adv. Space. Res., 24/8, 1003-1006, 1999

Cavitating Langmuir turbulence observed during EISCAT high latitude ionospheric interaction experiments

Isham, B., C. La Hoz, M. T. Rietveld, T. Hagfors, T. B. Leyser, Physical Review Letters, 83, 2576-2579, 1999

High resolution bistatic HF radar observations of ULF waves in artificially generated backscatter

Wright, D.M. , T.K. Yeoman, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 18, 2825-2829, 1999

CUTLASS observations of a high-m ULF wave and its consequences for the DOPE HF Doppler sounder

Wright, D.M. , T.K. Yeoman, Annales Geophysicae, 17, 11, 1493-1497, 1999

Publications 1998

Number of publications in 1998: 16.

The generation of ELF and VLF radio waves in the ionosphere using powerful HF transmitters

Barr R., Adv. Space Res., 21, 5, 677-688, 1998

Enhanced ELF wave generation efficiency using ‘O’ mode HF heating in the ionosphere: An instrumental Explanation

Barr R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, E. Nielsen, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 18, 3489-3492, 1998

Stimulated emissions around second harmonic of Tromsø heater frequency observed by long-distance diagnostic HF tools

Blagoveschenskaya, N. F., V. A. Kornienko, M. T. Rietveld, B. Thide, A. Brekke, I. V. Moskvin, S. Nozdrachev, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 6, 873-876, 1998

Geophysical phenomena during an ionospheric modification experiment at Tromsø

Blagoveschenskaya, N. F., V. A. Kornienko, A. V. Petlenko, A. Brekke, M. T. Rietveld, Ann. Geophysicae, 16, 10, 1212-1225, 1998

Geophysical phenomena excited by the Tromsø HF Heater action on the nightside auroral E-region

Blagoveschenskaya, N. F., T. D. Borisova, V. A. Kornienko, R. Yu. Lukyanova, O. A. Troshichev, A. L. Kotikov, A. Brekke, M. T. Rietveld, Substorms-4, 673-6765, Ed. S. Kokubun and Y. Kamide, 1998

The phase speed of artificial field-aligned irregularities observed by CUTLASS during HF modification of the auroral ionosphere

Eglitis, P., T. R. Robinson, M. T. Rietveld, D. M. Wright, G. E. Bond, J. Geophys. Res., 103 , A2, 2253-2259, 1998

Ten years of comparative incoherent scatter radar observations of HF-pump-induced Langmuir turbulence at Arecibo and EISCAT: 1986 to 1995

Isham, B., C. La Hoz, T. Hagfors, M. T. Rietveld, (manuscript), 1998

Ionosfärin elektronilampotilan mallintamen kuumennuskokeessa

Kero, Antti, Thesis (submitted), Oulu University, 1998

Parametric excitation of lower hybrid waves by Z-mode waves near electron cyclotron harmonics at Tromso*

Kuo, S. P., E. Koretzky, M. C. Lee, J. Geophys. Res., 103, A10, 23373-23379, 1998

Theoretical model for long time stimulated electromagnetic emission generation in ionospheric radio modification experiments*

Mjølhus, E., J. Geophys. Res., 103, A7, 14711-14729, 1998

Artificial Periodic Irregularities from the Tromsø Heating facility*

Rietveld, M. T, N. P. Goncharov, Adv. Space Res., 21, 5 , 693-696, 1998

RF heating of a strong auroral electrojet

Robinson, T. R., G. Bond, P. Eglitis, F. Honary, M. T. Rietveld, Adv. Space Res., 21, 5, 689-692, 1998

First CUTLASS-EISCAT heating results

Robinson, T. R., A. J. Stocker, G. E. Bond, P. Eglitis, D. Wright, T. B. Jones, M. T. Rietveld, Adv. Space Res., 21, 5, 663-666, 1998

An overview of experimental observations made at Tromsø during heating at frequencies near harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency

Stocker A. J., Adv. Space Res., 21, 5, 653-662, 1998

Spatial structure of auroral day-time ionospheric electron density irregularities generated by a powerful HF-wave

Tereschenko, E. D., B. Z. Khudukon, M. T. Rietveld, A. Brekke, Ann. Geophysicae, 16, 812-820, 1998

An analysis of the actual modulation produced by the beam swinging method used at the EISCAT Tromsø ionospheric heater

Väänänen, O., Vasa High School, Finland, 1998

Publications 1997

Number of publications in 1997: 21.

ELF and VLF wave generation by HF heating: A comparison of AM and CW techniques

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59/18, 2265-2279, 1997

Enhanced ELF wave generation efficiency using ‘O’ mode HF heating

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, E. Nielsen, Geophys Res. Lett., 24, 11, 1403-1406, 1997

Evolution of subkilometer scale ionospheric irregularities generated by high-power HF waves

Basu, S., E. Costa, R. C. Livingston, K. M. Groves, H. C. Carlson, P. K. Chaturvedi, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 102, A4, 7469-7475, 1997

The effect of the ionosphere inhomogeneity on magnetic pulsation polarization*

Belova, E. G., E. V. Pchelkina, W. B. Lyatsky, A. B. Pashin, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 1425-1434, 1997

Spatial observations by the CUTLASS coherent scatter radar of ionospheric modification by high power radio waves

Bond, G. E., T. R. Robinson, P. Eglitis, D. M. Wright, A. J. Stocker, M. T. Rietveld, T. B. Jones, Annales Geophysicae, 15,11, 1412-1421, 1997

he Interaction of Radio Waves with the Auroral Ionosphere

Bond, Giles Edward., Doctoral thesis, University of Leicester, 1997

Excitation of longitudinal (field-aligned) currents by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere*

Borisov, N., P Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys, 59, 15, 1973-1989, 1997

Extended Abstracts of the 5th European Heating Seminar

Bösinger, T., Report No. 6, eds. T. Bösinger, E. Turunen and Leena Kalliopuska, Sodankylä, Finland, 1997

Multiple baseline measurements of ionospheric scintillation induced by high-power HF waves

Costa, E., S. Basu, R. C. Livingston, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 32, 1, 191-197, 1997

Excitation of oscillating two stream instability by upper hybrid pump waves in ionospheric heating experiments at Tromso*

Kuo, S. P., M. C. Lee, P. Kossey, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 23, 2969-2972, 1997

Response of the convecting high-latitude F layer to a powerful HF wave*

Mingaleva, G.I., V.S. Mingalev, Ann. Geophys., 15, 10, 1291-1300, 1997

On the origin of outshifted plasma lines during HF modification experiments

Mishin. E., T. Hagfors, W. Kofman, J. Geophys. Res., 102, A12, 27265-27269, 1997

Parametric instabilities of trapped upper-hybrid oscillations*

Mjølhus, E., J. Plasma Physics, 58, 4, 747-769, 1997

Observations of intensity variations and harmonics of the heater induced VLF waves

Oikarinen, A., J. Manninen, J. Kultima, T. Turunen, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys, 59/18, 2351-2360, 1997

EISCAT UHF radar measurements and numerical simulation of electron density variations induced by Heating of the D- and E-regions

Pashin, A. B., E. G. Belova, E. Turunen, Pre-print, Kola Science Centre, Polar Geophysical Institute, Apatity, Russia, 1997

On spectra of ionospheric conductivity variations during a heating experiment*

Pashin, A.B., W.B. Lyatsky, Radio Sci., 32, 4, 1513-1521, 1997

O- and X-mode heating effects observed simultaneously with the CUTLASS and EISCAT radars and low power HF diagnostics at Tromsø

Robinson, T. R., A. J. Stocker, G.E. Bond, P. Eglitis, D. M. Wright, T. B. Jones, Ann. Geophysicae, 15, 1, 134-136, 1997

Optical effects in the aurora caused by ionospheric HF heating

Sergienko, T., I. Kornilov, E. Belova, T. Turunen, J. Manninen, Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59/18, 2401-2407, 1997

The effect of artificial modification in the E region on HF ray propagation

Stocker, A. J, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59/18, 2435-2446, 1997

The Earth’s ionosphere: a wall-less plasma laboratory

Stubbe, P., T. Hagfors, Surveys in Geophysics, 18, 1, 57-127, 1997

High spatial and temporal resolution observations of an impulse-driven field line resonance in radar backscatter artificially generated with the Tromsø heater

Yeoman, T. K., D. M. Wright, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Davies, M. T. Rietveld, Annales Geophysicae, 15, 634-644, 1997

Publications 1996

Number of publications in 1996: 8.

Recent EISCAT heating results using chirped ISR

Isham, B., C. La Hoz, H. Kohl, T. Hagfors, T. B. Leyser, M. T. Rietveld, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 1-4, 369-383, 1996

Harmonics of the ion acoustic frequency in the heater induced ion spectrum

Kohl, H., M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 101, A32, 5391-5395, 1996

Artificial magnetic pulsation generation by powerful ground-based transmitter*

Lyatsky, W. B., E. G. Belova, A. B. Pashin, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 58, 407-414, 1996

Artificial Periodic Irregularities in the Auroral Ionosphere

Rietveld, M. T., E. Turunen, H. Matveinen, N. P. Goncharov, P. Pollari, Ann. Geophysicae, 14, 1437-1453, 1996

First EISCAT observations of the modification of F-region electron temperatures during RF heating at harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency

Robinson, T. R., F. Honary, A. J. Stocker, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 1-4, 385-395, 1996

Numerical simulation of a Zakharov-Boussinesq system of equations to study Langmuir turbulence in the ionosphere*

R. P. Sharma, P. Stubbe, A. D. Verga, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 10995-11003, 1996

Review of ionospheric modification experiments at Tromsø

Stubbe, P., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 1-4, 349-368, 1996

The ionosphere as a plasma laboratory

Stubbe, P., Modern Ionospheric Science, FRG, 274-321, Kohl, Rüster and Schlegel, European Geophysical Society, Katlenburg-Lindau, 1996

Publications 1995

Number of publications in 1995: 11.

Passage of a powerful HF radio wave through the lower ionosphere as a function of initial electron density profiles

Belova, E.G., A.B. Pashin, W.B. Lyatsky, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 265-272, 1995

A theoretical study on the broad symmetric structure in the stimulated electromagnetic emission spectrum*

Huang, J., S. P. Kuo, H. L. Zhou, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 2, 1639-1645, 1995

Ionospheric plasma response to HF radio waves operating at frequencies close to the third harmonic of the electron gyrofrequency

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 100, A11, 21489-21502, 1995

Parametric decay of an electromagnetic wave near electron cyclotron harmonics*

Istomin, Ya. N., T. B. Leyser, Phys. Plasmas, 2, 2084-2097, 1995

High frequency ducting in the high-latitude bottomside F-region*

James, H. G., Radio Sci., 30, 2, 445-461, 1995

Radiation from electromagnetically driven Langmuir turbulence*

Mjølhus, E., A. Hanssen, D.F. DuBois, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 9, 17527-17541, 1995

Magnetic pulsation generation by powerful ground-based modulated HF radio transmitter*

Pashin, A. B., E. G. Belova, W.B. Lyatsky, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 245-252, 1995

Extended abstracts of the 4th European Heating seminar

Rietveld, M., L. Kalliopuska, May 16-19, Department of Physics, University of Oulu, Ramfjordmoen, Norway, nr 126, 31 pages 1995

Factors Influencing the Heating of the Auroral Electrojet by High Power Radio Waves

Robinson, T. R., F. Honary, A. Stocker, T. B. Jones, Adv. Space Res, 15, 12, 41-44, 1995

HF scatter from artificial irregularities above Tromsø

Robinson, T. R., A. J. Stocker, G. Bond, IEE Antennas and Propagation Coloquium Digest, 9/1-9/7, 1995

ristatic EISCAT-UHF measurements of the HF modified ionosphere for low background electron temperatures

Westman, A., T. B. Leyser, G. Wannberg, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res, 100, A6, 9717-9728, 1995

Publications 1994

Number of publications in 1994: 10.

Extended abstracts of the 3rd European Heating seminar

Bösinger, T., L. Kalliopuska, Report No. 125, May 24-26, Murmansk/Russia, Dept. of Physics, University of Oulu, 57 pages 1994

Altitude characteristics of plasma turbulence excited with the Tromsø superheater

Djuth, F., P. Stubbe, M. P. Sulzer, H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, J. H. Elder, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A10, 333-339, 1994

Creation of artificial periodic inhomogeneities for studies of the middle atmosphere and lower thermosphere

Goncharov , N. P., M. T. Rietveld, J. Röttger, Proc. 6th Workshop on Technical Aspects of MST Radar, 436-440, Ed B. Edwards, 1994

A theoretical model for the broad upshifted maximum in the stimulated electromagnetic emission spectrum*

Huang, J, S. P. Kuo, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A10, 19569-19576, 1994

Collaborative experiments by Akebono satellite, Tromsø ionospheric heater, and European incoherent scatter radar

Kimura, I., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, R. Barr, K. Ishida, Y. Kasahara, S. Yagitane, I. Nagano, Radio Sci., 29, 1, 23-37, 1994

Electromagnetic radiation by parametric decay of upper hybrid waves in ionospheric modification experiments

Leyser, T. B., Phys. Plasmas (formerly Phys. Fluids B), 1, 2003-2011, 1994

Downshifted maximum features in stimulated electromagnetic emission spectra

Leyser, T. B., B. Thide, M. Waldenvik, E. Veszelei, V. L. Frolov, S. M. Grach, G. P. Komrakov, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A10, 19555-19568, 1994

The Role of natural E-region plasma turbulence in the enhanced absorption of HF radio waves in the auroral ionosphere: Implications for RF heating of the auroral electrojet*

Robinson, T. R., Ann. Geophys., 12, 4, 316-332, 1994

Radarbeobachtungen künstlich angeregter Langmuirinstabilitäten in der Ionosphäre: Höhenkorrelation und zeitliche Entwicklung

Stalder, W., Diplomarbeit (Masters thesis), Universität Göttingen, 1994

Stimulated electromagnetic emissions (SEE) and anomalous HF wave absorption near electron gyroharmonics

Stubbe, P., A. J. Stocker, F. Honary, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, J. Geophys. Res., 99, A4, 6233-6246, 1994

Publications 1993

Number of publications in 1993: 12.

Stimulated scattering by collisional modes in the ionosphere

Stenflo, L., Radio Sci., 18, 1379-1382, 1993

ELF harmonic radiation from the Tromsø Heating facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2243-2246, 1993

Excitation of strong Langmuir turbulence in the ionosphere: comparison of theory and experiment*

DuBois, D. F., A. Hanssen, H. A. Rose, D. Russell, Phys. Fluids B, 5, 2616-2622, 1993

Space and time distribution of HF excited Langmuir turbulence in the ionosphere*

DuBois, D.F., A. Hanssen, H.A. Rose, D. Russell, J. Geophys. Res., 98, A10, 17543-17568, 1993

Nonlinear Langmuir waves in the ionosphere, Proc. Mini-Workshop on Wave Phenomena in Solar-Terrestrial Plasmas*

Hanssen, A., 29-38, Eds.: Maltby, P. and H. Pecseli, ITA, Oslo, 1993

Driven and damped Langmuir turbulence*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, ESA Proc., WPP-047, 39-43, 1993

EISCAT observations of electron temperature oscillations due to the action of high power HF radio waves

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, N. M. Wade, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 10, 1433-1448, 1993

Introduction to ionospheric heating experiments at Tromsø Part 2: Scientific problems

Kohl, H., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 601-603, 1993

On the small scale striation effect in ionospheric radio modification experiments near harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency*

Mjølhus, E., J. Atmos. terr. Phys., 55, 907-918, 1993

Introduction to ionospheric heating experiments at Tromsø Part 1: Experimental overview

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kohl, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 577- 599, 1993

Excitations of ion-Bernstein waves in ionospheric modification experiment*

Sharma, R.P., A. Kumar, R. Kumar, Radio Sci., 28, 6, 951-957, 1993

Anomalous absorption during artificial modification at harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency

Stocker, A. J, F. Honary, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 98, A8, 13627-13634, 1993

Publications 1992

Number of publications in 1992: 8.

Comment on “Langmuir turbulence and ionospheric modification” by P. Stubbe, H. Kohl, and M.T. Rietveld

DuBois, D. F., A. Hanssen, H. A. Rose, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A10, 15059-15066, 1992

Electromagnetically Driven Langmuir Turbulence in the Ionosphere*

Hanssen, A., Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Tromsø, Norway, 1992

Numerical test of the weak turbulence approximation to ionospheric Langmuir turbulence*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, H. A. Rose, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A8, 12073-12091, 1992

Modification of the ionospheric plasma by high power radio waves operating at harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, 19th IOP Plasma Physics Conf. Proc., 35, Nottingham, 1992

Observations of ionospheric modification by the Tromsø heating facility with the mobile diagnostic equipment of IZMIRAN

Lobachevsky, L. A., Yu. V. Gruzdev, V. Yu. Kim, G. A. Mikhaylova, V. A. Panchenko, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54, 1, 75-85, 1992

EISCAT observations of large scale electron temperature and electron density perturbations caused by high power HF radio waves

Stocker, A. J., F. Honary, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54, 11/12, 1555-1572, 1992

Langmuir turbulence and ionospheric modification

Stubbe, P., H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A5, 6285-6297, 1992

Reply to comment by DuBois et al.

Stubbe, P., H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A10, 15067-15071, 1992

Publications 1991

Number of publications in 1991: 8.

ELF radiation from the Tromsø ‘super-heater’ facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 6, 1035-1038, 1991

On the ELF generation efficiency of the Tromsø heater facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 11, 1971-1974, 1991

Long-range detection of VLF radiation produced by heating the auroral electrojet

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 26, 4, 871-879, 1991

Phase and amplitude perturbations on subionospheric signals produced by a moving patch of artificially heated ionosphere

Dowden, R. L., C. D. D. Adams, M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 96, A1, 239-248, 1991

VLF versus MF heating of the lower ionosphere*

Dowden, R. L., C. D. D. Adams, J. Geophys. Res., 96, A8, 14179-14182, 1991

Resonance broadening modification of weak plasma turbulence theory*

Hanssen, A., J. Geophys. Res., 96, A2, 1867-1871, 1991

Chirped Incoherent Scatter Radar Observations of the HF-Modified Ionosphere

B. Isham, PhD Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA, 1991

Langmuir turbulence and ionospheric modification

Stubbe, P., H. Kohl, M. T. Rietveld, Report MPAE-W-02-91-20, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau-FRG, 1991

Publications 1990

Number of publications in 1990: 11.

On the weak turbulence approximation*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, AGARD Conf. Proc., 485, 9-1 to 9-12, 1990

New phenomena observed by EISCAT during RF ionospheric modification experiments

Isham, B., W. Kofman, T. Hagfors, J. Nordling, B. Thidé, C. LaHoz, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 25, 3, 251-262, 1990

Observations on the DE-1 spacecraft of ELF/VLF waves generated by an ionospheric heater

James, H.G., U. S. Inan, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys Res., 95, A8, 12187- 12195, 1990

The physics of ground based heating

Jones, T. B., AGARD Conf Proc, No. 485, 1A.1- 1A.9, 1990

Enhanced fading rates produced during ionospheric modification

Jones, T. B., A. Wilkinson, AGARD Conf Proc, No. 485, 12.1-12.7, 1990

Dependence of stimulated electromagnetic emission on the ionosphere and pump wave

Leyser, T. B., B. Thidé, H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg, B. Lundborg, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 95, A10, 17233-17244, 1990

Excitation of periodic magnetic field oscillations in the ULF range by amplitude modulated HF waves

Maul, A.-A., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Annales Geophysicae, 8, 11, 765-780, 1990

VLF, ELF and ULF wave research using the Tromsø Heating facility

Rietveld, M. T., R. Barr, P. Stubbe, A. Maul, H. Kopka, R. L. Dowden, AGARD Conf Proc, No. 485, 6-1, 1990

The ionosphere: disturbing effects of radio

Robinson, T. R., Nature, 346, 612, 1990

Stimulated electromagnetic emission in a magnetized plasma: a new symmetric spectral feature

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Phys. Rev. Lett., 65, 2, 183-185, 1990

Stimulated Scattering of Large Amplitude Waves in the Ionosphere: Experimental Results

Thidé, B., Physica Scripta, T30, 170-180, 1990

Publications 1989

Number of publications in 1989: 8.

Tromsö Heating Experiments: Stimulated Emission at HF Pump Harmonic and Subharmonic Frequencies

Derblom, H., B. Thidé, T. B. Leyser, J. A. Nordling, A. Hedberg, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, M. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 94, A8, 10111-10120, 1989

Stimulated electromagnetic emission in the ionosphere

Leyser, T. B., Doctoral thesis, IRF Scientific Report 198, Uppsala University, 1989

Stimulated electromagnetic emission near electron cyclotron harmonics in the ionosphere

Leyser, T. B., B. Thidé, H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg, B. Lundborg, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Phys. Rev. Lett., 63, 11, 1145-1147, 1989

Anregung periodischer Magentfeldschwankungen im ULF-Bereich durch Einstrahlung energiereicher Hochfrequenzwellen in die polare Ionosphäre

Maul, A.-A., Doctoral thesis, Universität Göttingen, 1989

On the frequency dependence of ELF/VLF waves produced by modulated ionospheric heating

Rietveld, M. T., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 24, 3, 270-278, 1989

The heating of the high latitude ionosphere by high power radio waves

Robinson, T. R., Physics Reports, 179, 2 & 3, 79-209, 1989

A New Heating Facility for EISCAT: Scientific Case

Robinson, T. R., P. Stubbe, B. Thidé, M. Rietveld, E. Mjolhus, EISCAT Technical Report, October, 1989

The artificial modification of the ionosphere above Tromsø and Arecibo

Stocker, A. J., Doctoral thesis, University of Leicester, 1989

Publications 1988

Number of publications in 1988: 9.

Ionospheric heater beam scanning: A realistic model of this mobile source of ELF/VLF radiation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 23, 3, 379-388, 1988

Generation of VLF and ELF waves for active probing

Dowden, R. L., J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 40, 1131-1140, 1988

Über die Beeinflussung der partiellen Reflexion einer schwachen elektromagnetischen Welle durch eine starke, modifizierende Welle im Rahmen der Theorie eines warmen Plasmas*

Engelhardt, H.-G., Diplomarbeit, Universität Göttingen, 1988

Effect of pump-induced density depletions on the spectrum of stimulated electromagnetic emissions

Leyser, T. B., B. Thidé, J. Geophys. Res., 93, A8, 8681-8688, 1988

Simultaneous bistatic European Incoherent Scatter UHF, 145-MHz radar and stimulated electromagnetic emission observations during HF ionospheric modification

Nordling, J. A., A. Hedberg, G. Wannberg, T. B. Leyser, H. Derblom, H. J. Opgenoorth, H. Kopka, H. Kohl, P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, C. LaHoz Radio Sci., 23, 5, 809-819, 1988

Pc 1 ionospheric electric field oscillations

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Annales Geophysicae, 6, 4, 381-388, 1988

The excitation of plasma waves and irregularities in the ionosphere by means of high power radio waves

Robinson, T. R., Plasma Phys. Controll. Fusion, 30, 1, 45-56, 1988

Investigation of heater induced irregularities in the high latitude ionosphere

Wilkinson, A., Doctoral thesis, University of Leicester, 1988

A large-scale depletion by intense radio wave heating

Wright, J. W., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 13, 1531-1533, 1988

Publications 1987

Number of publications in 1987: 11.

Ionospheric heater beam scanning: A mobile source of ELF radiation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1073-1083, 1987

Daytime scintillations induced by high-power HF waves at Tromsø, Norway

Basu, S., S. Basu, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Waaramaa, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A10, 11149-11157, 1987

Theoretical and Experimental Evidence of a Thermal Resonance Instability in the E-region of the Ionosphere

Hoeg, P., Doctoral thesis, University of Copenhagen, 1987

Propagation of artificially excited Langmuir waves in the ionosphere

Kohl, H., H. Kopka, C. LaHoz, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 23, 4, 655-661, 1987

In der unteren polaren Ionosphäre aktiv erzeugte ELF/VLF-Wellen

Mauelshagen, H.-P., Diplomarbeit, Universität Göttingen, 1987

Multiple frequency radar observations of high-latitude E region irregularities in the HF modified ionosphere

Noble, S. T., F. T. Djuth, R. J. Jost, W. E. Gordon, Å. Hedberg, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A12, 13613-13627, 1987

Very low frequency wave experiments using the ionospheric heating facility

Rietveld, M. T., Proceedings of the EISCAT Annual Review Meeting, 46-53, ed P. Collis, Skibotn, Norway, 1987

Ionospheric demodulation of powerful pulsed radio waves: A potential new diagnostic for radars suggested by Tromsø heater results

Rietveld, M. T., P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1084-1090, 1987

The Characteristics of Ionospheric Heating-Produced ELF/VLF Waves Over 32 Hours

Rietveld, M. T., H.-P. Mauelshagen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A8, 8707-8722, 1987

A modification event of the auroral E region as studied with EISCAT and other diagnostics

Schlegel, K., M. Rietveld, A. Maul, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1063-1072, 1987

Conjugate effects from ground excitation of ULF waves in the ionosphere

Webster, D. J., B. J. Fraser, M. T. Rietveld, F. W. Menk, ANARE Research notes 48, The Publications Office, Antarctic Division-Tasmania 7150, 1987

Publications 1986

Number of publications in 1986: 8.

The observation of HF-enhanced plasma waves with the EISCAT/UHF-radar in the presence of strong Landau-damping

Frey, A., Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 5, 438-441, 1986

ELF and VLF Signals Radiated by the ‘Polar Electrojet Antenna’: Experimental Results

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 91, A4, 4451-4459, 1986

Comparison between the ionospheric plasma drift and the motion of artificially induced irregularities as observed by HF backscatter radars

Hanuise, C., Å. Hedberg, J. Oksman, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Annales Geophysicae, 4, A1, 49-54, 1986

Measurements of HF backscatter cross section for striations created by ionospheric heating at different power levels

Hedberg, Å.,, H. Derblom, G. Wannberg, B. Thidé, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 21, 117-125, 1986

Heater-induced 1-meter irregularities

Hoeg, P., E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 91, A10, 11309-11320, 1986

Directional Changes in the Irregularity Drift during Artificial Generation of Striations

Hoeg, P., Physica Scripta, 33, 469-474, 1986

EISCAT observations of the heated ionosphere

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 1027-1035, 1986

D-region characteristics deduced from pulsed ionospheric heating under auroral electrojet conditions

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 4, 311- 326, 1986

Publications 1985

Number of publications in 1985: 15.

The Diffraction of VLF Radio Waves by a Patch of Ionosphere Illuminated by a Powerful HF Transmitter

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 90, A3, 2861-2875, 1985

xtra-low-frequency radiation from the polar electrojet antenna

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, E. Nielsen, Nature, 317, 6033, 155-157, 1985

Observations of E-region irregularities generated at auroral latitudes by a high power radio wave

Djuth, F., R. J. Jost, S. T. Noble, W. E. Gordon, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, R. Boström, H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg and B. Thidé J. Geophys. Res., 90, A12, 12293-12306, 1985

HF induced radar backscatter

Djuth, F. T., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1225-1243, 1985

HF modification of the auroral D-region detected by a partial reflection experiment

Holt, O., A. Brekke, T. Hansen, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 6, 537-545, 1985

The influence of ionospheric heating on the propagation of HF waves at

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, AGARD Conf Proc , No. 382, 5-1-1, 1985

Detection from Aureol-3 of the modulation of auroral electrojet by HF Heating from ELF signals in the upper ionosphere above Tromsø, Results of the Arcad 3 Project and of the Recent Programmes in Magnetospheric and Ionospheric Physics

Lefeuvre, F, J. L. Rauch, V. I. Dee, E. E. Titova, V. E. Yurov, O. A. Molchanov, M. M. Mogilevsky, O. A. Maltseva, L. V. Zinin, H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe and R. L. Dowden Cepedues-Editions, 609-616, Toulouse, 1985

Ground and in situ excitation of waves in the ionospheric plasma

Rietveld, M. T., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1283-1296, 1985

VLF spectrogram on cover

Rietveld, M. T., EOS, 66, 38, 0, 1985

elf-action effects associated with the generation of plasma irregularities during ionospheric modification experiments

Robinson, T. R., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1245-1255, 1985

Experimental Results From the HERO Project: In Situ Measurements of Ionospheric Modifications Using Sounding Rockets

Rose, G., B. Grandal, E. Neske, W. Ott, K. Spenner, J. Holtet, K. Måseide, J. Trøim, J. Geophys. Res., 90, A3, 2851-2860, 1985

How to make a long antenna

Rycroft, M. J., Nature, (“News and views” comment on Barr et al. paper in same issue), 317, 6033, 114-115, 1985

Verstärkung einer durch starke HF-Wellen induzierten Elektronendichtestörung in der polaren E-Schicht*

Stecker, J., Doctoral thesis, Universität Göttingen, 1985

Ionospheric modification experiments with the Tromsø heating facility

Stubbe, P. , H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, A. Frey, P. Hoeg, H. Kohl, E. Nielsen, G. Rose, C. LaHoz, R. Barr, H. Derblom, A. Hedberg, B. Thide, T. B. Jones, T. Robinson, A. Brekke, T. Hansen and O. Holt J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1151-1163, 1985

Parametric and related nonlinear wave-wave interactions in the ionosphere

Thidé, B., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 12, 1257-1265, 1985

Publications 1984

Number of publications in 1984: 12.

The effect of a heated patch of auroral ionosphere on VLF radio wave propagation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Nature, 309, 5986, 534-536, 1984

The ‘polar electrojet antenna’ as a source of ELF radiation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide*

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 4, 315-320, 1984

ELF and VLF radiation from the ‘polar electrojet antenna’*

Barr, R, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 19, 4, 1111-1122, 1984

First experimental evidence of HF produced electron density irregularities in the polar ionosphere diagnosed by UHF radio star scintillations

Frey, A., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11, 5, 523-526, 1984

First observations of 140-MHz plasma line backscatter during heating experiments at Tromsø

Hedberg, Å., B. Thidé, R. Boström, H. Derblom, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A12, 11038-11042, 1984

Photometer and spectrometer search of the oxygen green and red lines during artificial ionospheric heating in the auroral zone

Henriksen, K., W. Stoffregen, B. Lybekk, Å. Steen, Annales Geophysicae, 2, 1, 73-76, 1984

Simultaneous Observations of ELF waves from an Artificially Modulated Auroral Electrojet in Space and on the Ground

James, H. G., R. L. Dowden, M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A3, 1655-1666, 1984

Frequency dependence of anomalous absorption caused by high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 2, 147-153, 1984

Durch ionosphärische Leitfähigkeitsänderung erzwungene Wellen*

Krenzien, E., Doctoral thesis, Universität Göttingen, 1984

Direct access to plasma resonance in ionospheric radio experiments*

Mjølhus, E., T. Flaa, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A6, 921-3928, 1984

Heater Beam Scanning: A new Technique for ELF Studies of the Auroral Ionosphere*

Rietveld, M. T., R. Barr, H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, R. L.li liDowden, Radio Sci., 19, 4, 1069-1077, 1984

Stimulated electromagnetic emission: A new technique to study the parametric decay instability in the ionosphere

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, B. Thidé, H. Derblom, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A9, 7523-7536, 1984

Publications 1983

Number of publications in 1983: 17.

Field and wave measurements aboard the Aureol-3 spacecraft

Berthelier, J. J., A. Berthelier, Yu. I. Galperin, V. A. Gladyshev, F. Lefeuvre, N. I. Massevitch, M. Mogilevsky, O. A. Molchanov, Adv. Space Res., 2, 7, 49-52, 1983

Medium frequency radar observations in the middle atmosphere

Czechowsky, P., G. Schmidt, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 45, 10, 729-732, 1983

Ionospheric modification and stimulated emissions

Fejer, J. A., High-latitude Space plasma physics, ed. by B. Hultqvist and T. Hagfors, Plenum Publishing Co., 1983

Preliminary results from the HERO project: In situ measurements of ionospheric modifications using sounding rockets

Grandal, B., G. Rose, J. Holtet, K. Måseide, E. Neske, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-195, 75-80, 1983

Observations of enhanced plasma lines by EISCAT during heating experiments

Hagfors, T., W. Kofman, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, T. Äijänen, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 861-866, 1983

Observations of HF backscatter associated with heating experiment at Tromsø

Hedberg, Å, H. Derblom, B. Thidé, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 840-850, 1983

Production of Auroral Zone E Region Irregularities by Powerful HF Heating

Hibberd, F. H., E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 88, A8, 6347-6351, 1983

Non-linear effects in the ionospheric propagation of high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, IEE Antennas and Propagation Conf Proc, No. 219, 304-307, 1983

A hysteresis effect in the generation of FAI by high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 18, 835, 1983

The electron and ion spectra of radar returns from the critical height during ionospheric heating experiments

Kohl, H., C. LaHoz, K. Folkestad, T. Hansen, H. Kopka, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-195, 91-97, 1983

Anregung Erdmagnetischer Pulsationen durch lokales aufheizen der polaren Ionosphäre mit energiereichen Hochfrequenzwellen, Doctoral thesis

Lotz-Iwen, H.-J., Universität Göttingen, 1983

Ionospheric Electric Field Pulsations: A Comparison Between VLF Results From an Ionospheric Heating Experiment and STARE

Rietveld, M. T., H. Kopka, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, R. L. Dowden, J. Geophys. Res., 88, A3, 2140-2146, 1983

The modification of the high latitude ionosphere by high power radio waves, Doctoral thesis

Robinson, T. R., University of Leicester, 1983

First results of the in situ measurements of the HERO Heating Campaign

Rose, G., B. Grandal, E. Neske, W. Ott, K. Spenner, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-183, 263-267, 1983

Summary of results obtained with the Tromsø heating facility

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 831-834, 1983

Summary of ionospheric Heating experiments at Tromsø

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Spec. Publ. Eur. Space Agency, ESA SP-195, 47-50, 1983

Observations of stimulated electromagnetic emissions in ionospheric heating experiments

Thidé, B., H. Derblom, Å. Hedberg, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 851-859, 1983

Publications 1982

Number of publications in 1982: 8.

Theory of generation of ULF pulsations by ionospheric modification experiments*

Fejer, J. A., E. Krenzien, Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44, 12, 1075-1087, 1982

Phase changes induced in a diagnostic radio wave passing through a heated region of the auroral ionosphere

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 87, A3, 1557-1546, 1982

Anomalous absorption effects produced by high power radio waves

Jones, T. B., T. R. Robinson, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, AGARD Conf Proc , No. 332, 5.1-1 – 5.1-19, 1982

Non-linear reflectivity of high power radio waves in the ionosphere

Kopka, H., P. Stubbe, T. B. Jones, T. R. Robinson, Nature, 295, 5851, 680-680, 1982

Wide band attenuation caused by powerful HF waves

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, T. B. Jones, T. R. Robinson, J. Geophys. Res., 87, A3, 1551-1556, 1982

ELF and VLF wave generation by modulated heating of the current carrying lower ionosphere

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, R. L. Dowden, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys, 44, 12, 1123-1135, 1982

Ionospheric modification experiments in northern Scandinavia

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, H. Lauche, M. T. Rietveld, A. Brekke, O. Holt, T. B. Jones , T. Robinson, A. Hedberg, B. Thidé, B. Crochet, H.-J. Lotz J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44, 12, 1025-1041, 1982

Observations of stimulated scattering of a strong high-frequency wave in the ionosphere

Thidé, B., H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Phys. Rev., Lett., 49, 21, , 1561-1564,, 1982

Publications 1981

Number of publications in 1981: 5.

VLF wave generation by modulated RF heating of the electrojet ionosphere

Dowden, R. L., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Adv. Space Res., 1, 221-223, 1981

The effect of Plasma instabilities on the ionospherically reflected wave from a high power transmitter

Fejer, J. A., H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A7, 5746-5750, 1981

Modifying effects of a strong electromagnetic wave upon a weakly ionized plasma: a kinetic description*

Stubbe, P., Radio Sci., 16, 3, 417-425, 1981

Generation of Pc 5 pulsations by Polar electrojet modulation: first experimental evidence

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A3, 1606-1608, 1981

Generation of ELF and VLF waves by polar electrojet modulation: experimental results

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, R. L. Dowden, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A11, 9073-9078, 1981

Publications 1980

Number of publications in 1980: 2.

Modification of the F region by powerful radio waves*

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Exploration of the Polar Upper Atmosphere, 83-98, eds C. S. Deehr and J. A. Holtet, 1980

First results from the Tromsø¸ ionospheric modification facility

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, A. Brekke, T. Hansen, O. Holt, R. L. Dowden, T. B. Jones, T. R. Robinson, H.-J. Lotz, J. Watermann AGARD Conf Proc , No. 295, 16.1-16.9, 1980

Publications 1979

Number of publications in 1979: 3.

The modification of the antenna array and the determination of the heating frequency for the realization of Heating rocket experiments

Rose, G., Report MPAE-W-46-79-11, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 1979

Ionospheric modification experiments in northern Scandinavia- a description of the Heating project

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Report MPAE-W-02-79-04, 1-13, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 1979

Ionospheric modification experiments in northern Scandinavia- a description of the Heating project

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, Report MPAE-W-02-79-04, 1-13, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 1979

Publications 1978

Number of publications in 1978: 2.

Rocket experiments in conjunction with the ionospheric modification experiment in northern Norway

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, G. Rose, Proceedings of Esrange Symposium, Ajaccio, 24-29 April 1978, 107-111, Eds. T. Halvorsen and B. Battrich, ESA SP-135, 1978

Rocket experiments in conjunction with the ionospheric modification experiment in northern Norway

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, G. Rose, Proceedings of Esrange Symposium, Ajaccio, 24-29 April, ESA SP-135, 107-111, Eds. T. Halvorsen and B. Battrich, 1978

Publications 1977

Number of publications in 1977: 4.

Ray tracing of the heating wave and related problems in using sounding rocket probes in the German artificial ionospheric modification experiment planned at Ramfjordmoen

Grandal, B., Internal Report E-273, Job 335/172, Forsvarets Forskningsinstitut, NDRE, Kjeller, Norway, 1977

Modulation of the polar electrojet by powerful HF waves

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, J. Geophys Res., 82, 16, 2319-2325, 1977

Ray tracing of the heating wave and related problems in using sounding rocket probes in the German artificial ionospheric modification experiment planned at Ramfjordmoen

Grandal, B., Internal Report E-273, Job 335/172, Forsvarets Forskningsinstitut, NDRE, Kjeller, Norway, 1977

Modulation of the polar electrojet by powerful HF waves*

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, J. Geophys Res., 82, 16, 2319-2325, 1977

Publications 1976

Number of publications in 1976: 2.

On the ionospheric modification experiment projected at MPI Lindau: Scientific Objectives,

Stubbe, P., H. Kopka, AGARD Conf Proc , No. 192, 9.1-9.11, 1976

On the inospheric modification experiment projected at MPI Lindau: Practical realization

Kopka, H., P. Stubbe, R. Zwick, AGARD Conf Proc, No. 192, 10.1-10.7, 1976