All publications order by first author

Number of publications: 2191.

Statistical distribution of height-integrated energy exchange rates in the ionosphere

Aikio, A. T., L. Cai, T. J. Nygrén, J. geophys. Res., 117, A10325, doi:10.1029/2012JA018078, 2012

IMF effect on the polar cap contraction and expansion during a period of substorms

Aikio, A. T., T. Pitkänen, I. Honkonen, M. Palmroth, O. Amm, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1021-1034, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1021-2013 2013

Swarm Satellite and EISCAT Radar Observations of a Plasma Flow Channel in the Auroral Oval Near Magnetic Midnight

Aikio, A. T., H. Vanhamäki, A. B. Workayehu, I. I. Virtanen, K. Kauristie, L. Juusola, S. Buchert, D. Knudsen, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 23, 6, doi.org/10.1029/2018JA025409 2018

Statistical properties of Joule heating rate, electric field and conductances at high latitudes

Aikio, A. T., A. Selkälä, Ann. Geophys., 27, 2661-2673, 2009

EISCAT and Cluster observations in the vicinity of the dynamical polar cap boundary

Aikio, A. T., T. Pitkänen, D. Fontaine, I. Dandouras, O. Amm, A. Kozlovsky, A. Vaivdas, A. Fazakerley, Ann. Geophys., 26, 87-105, 2008

Method to locate the polar cap boundary in the nightside ionosphere and application to a substorm event

Aikio, A. T., T. Pitkänen, A. Kozlovsky, O. Amm, Ann. Geophys., 24, 1905 – 1917, 2006

Temporal evolution of two auroral arcs as measured by the Cluster satellite and coordinated ground-based instruments

Aikio, A.T., K. Mursula, S. Buchert, F. Forme, O. Amm, G. Marklund, M. Dunlop, D. Fontaine, A. Vaivads, A. Fazakerley Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 12, 4089-4101, 2004

Electric fields and currents of stable drifting auroral arcs in the evening sector

Aikio, A.T., T. Lakkala, A. Kozlovsky, P.J.S. Williams, J. Geophys. Res., 107, No. A12, SIA 3-1 to SIA 3-14, doi: 10.1029/2001JA009172, 2002

Ground-based measurements of an arc-associated electric field

Aikio, A.T., H.J. Opgenoorth, M.A.L. Persson, K.U. Kaila, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 55, 797-808, 1993

Small scale structures in the high-altitude auroral electric field

Aikio, A.T., G.T. Marklund, J. Woch, T. Potemra, Ann. Geophys., 13, 84-94, 1995

Studies on the electrodynamics of the auroral oval

Aikio, Anita, Doctoral thesis, University of Oulu, Finland, 1995

Mittauksia magnetosfaarin alimyrskyyn liittyvista ionosfaarin sahkodyaamisista parametreista (On the measurements of electrodynamical parameters in the ionosphere during magnelitospheric substorms)

Aiko, A., Licentiate Thesis, University of Oulu, Finland, 1990

Incoherent Scatter Plasma Lines: Observations and Applications

Akbari, H., A. Bhatt, C. La Hoz, J. Semeter, Space Sci. Rev., doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0355-7 2017

Height profiles of the ionospheric electron density derived using space-based remote sensing of UV and X ray emissions and EISCAT radar data: A ground-truth experiment

Aksnes, A., Stadsnes, J., Østgaard, N., Germany, G. A., Oksavik, K., Vondrak, R. R., Brekke, A., Løvhaug, U. P., J. geophys. Res., Vol. 111, No. A2, A02301, doi:10.1029/2005JA011331 2006

Spatial interferometry measurements of polar mesosphere summer echoes with the EISCAT VHF radar

Alcala, C., Röttger, J., M.C. Kelley, Radio Sci., 30, 1205-1218, 1995

GIVEME: General Ionosphere Visualisation and Extraction from a Model for the EISCAT Svalbard Radar

Alcaydé D., P-L. Blelly, J. Lilensten, EISCAT Technical Note, 94/52, 1994

“Incoherent Scatter Theory, Practice and Science”

Alcaydé D., Collection of lectures given in Cargese, EISCAT Technical Report 97/53, 314, D. Alcaydé Editor, Corsica, 1997

High latitude neutral atmosphere temperature and concentration measurements from the first EISCAT incoherent scatter observations

Alcaydé, D., J. Fontanari, P. Bauer, Ann. Géophys., 38, 473-479, 1982

Some properties of the auroral thermosphere inferred from initial EISCAT observations

Alcaydé, D., J. Fontanari, P. Bauer, O. de la Beaujardière, 18, 881-886, 1983

Dynamical coupling of the auroral F-region ionosphere and thermosphere: case studies

Alcaydé, D., P. Bauer, J. Fontanari, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 46, 625-633, 1984

Convection electric fields and electrostatic potential over 61 < ^ < 72 invariant latitude observed with the European incoherent scatter facility: 1. Initial results

Alcaydé, D., G. Caudal, J. Fontanari, J. geophys. Res., 91(A1), 233-247, 1986

Neutral temperature and winds from EISCAT CP-3 observations

Alcaydé, D., J. Fontanari, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 48, 931-947, 1986

Effects of Hot Oxygen in the Ionosphere: Transcar simulations

Alcaydé, D., P.-L. Blelly, W. Kofman, A. Litvine, W.L. Oliver, Ann. Geophys., 19, 201-205, 2001

Probing the high latitude ionosphere from ground-based observations: The state of current knowledge and capabilities during IPY (2007-2009)

Alfonsi, L., A. J. Kavanagh, E. Amata, P. Cilliers, E. Correia, M. Freeman, K. Kauristie, R. Liu, J.-P. Luntama, C. N. Mitchell, G. A. Zherebtsov J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 70, 18, 2293-2308, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.06.013 2008

Ion distributions in the high-latitude topside ionosphere

Allen, B.T., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, Ann. Geophysicae, 4, 97-106, 1986

First simultaneous measurements of neutral and ionized iron densities in the upper mesosphere

Alpers, M., T. Blix, S. Kirkwood, D. Krankowski, F-J. Lubken, S. Lutz, U. von Zahn, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 275-284, 1993

A statistical investigation of the Cowling channel efficiency in the auroral zone

Amm, O., R. Fujii, K. Kauristie, A. Aikio, A. Yoshikawa, A. Ieda, H. Vanhamäki, J. geophys. Res., 116, A02304, doi:10.1029/2010JA015988 2011

Observations of an auroral streamer in a double oval configuration

Amm, O., R. Nakamura, T. Takada, K. Kauristie, H.U. Frey, C.J. Owen, A. Aikio, R. Kuula, Ann. Geophys., 29, 701-716, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-701-2011, 2011

Towards understanding the electrodynamics of the 3-dimensional high-latitude ionosphere: present and future

Amm, O., A. Aruliah, S. C. Buchert, R. Fujii, J. W. Gjerloev, A. Ieda, T. Matsuo, C. Stolle, H. Vanhamäki, A. Yoshikawa Ann. Geophys., 26, 3913-3932, 2008

Substorm topology in the ionosphere and magnetosphere during a flux rope event in the magnetotail

Amm, O., R. Nakamura, H. U. Frey, Y. Ogawa, M. Kubyshkina, A. Balogh, H. Reme, Ann. Geophys., 24, 735–750, 2006

Coordinated studies of the geospace environment using Cluster, satellite and ground-based data: an interim review

Amm, O., E.F. Donovan, H. Frey, M. Lester, R. Nakamura, J.A. Wild, A. Aikio, M. Dunlop, K. Kauristie, A. Marchaudon, I.W. McCrea, H.J. Opgenoorth, and A. Strømme Ann. Geophys., 23, 6, 2129-2170, 2005

Ionospheric signatures of bursty bulk flows

Amm, O., Kauristie, K., Surv. Geophys., 23, 1-32, 2002

Co-ordinated EISCAT/DMSP measurements of electron density and energetic electron precipitation

Anderson P.C., I.W. McCrea, D.J. Strickland, J.B. Blake, M.D. Looper, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7421, 1997

The formation of a thin horizontal layer by the interaction of a gravity wave with a wind shear as investigated by numerical methods

Andreassen, Ø, C.E. Wasberg, U.-P. Hoppe, Adv. Space Res., 12, 10 , 193-197, 1992

Geomagnetic effects of the Hall and Pedersen current flowing in the auroral ionosphere

Araki, T., K. Schlegel, H. Lühr, J. geophys. Res., 94 (A12), 17,185-17,199, 1989

Dynamics and characteristics of black aurora as observed by high resolution ground-based imagers and radar

Archer, J., H. Dahlgren, N. Ivchenko, B.S. Lanchester, G.T. Marklund, Int. J. Remote Sens., 32, 2973-2985, doi:10.1080/01431161.2010.541517, 2011

Type-I ion outflow from the high latitude ionosphere

Argese, Chiara, Master’s Thesis in Space Physics, University of Tromsø, Norway, 2013

The trouble with thermospheric vertical winds: geomagnetic, seasonal and solar cycle dependence at high latitudes (special issue on vertical winds)

Aruliah A.L., D. Rees, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 57, 597-609, 1995

Modelling the High-Latitude Equinoctial Asymmetry

Aruliah A.L., J. Schoendorf, A.D. Aylward, M.N. Wild, J. Geophys. Res., 102(A12), 27207-27216, 10.1029/97JA01991, 1997

Comparing high-latitude thermospheric winds from Fabry–Perot interferometer (FPI) and challenging mini-satellite payload (CHAMP) accelerometer measurements

Aruliah, A., M. Förster, R. Hood, I. McWhirter, E. Doornbos, Ann. Geophys, 37, 1095–1120, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-37-1095-2019 2019

SCANDI an all-sky Doppler imager for studies of thermospheric spatial structure

Aruliah, A. L., E. M. Griffin, H.-C. I. Yiu, I. McWhirter, A. Charalambous, Ann. Geophys., 28, 549-567, 2010

First direct evidence of meso-scale variability on ion-neutral dynamics using co-located tristatic FPIs and EISCAT radar in Northern Scandinavia

Aruliah, A. L., E. M. Griffin, A. D. Aylward, E. A. K. Ford, M. J. Kosch, C. J. Davis, V. S. C. Howells, S. E. Pryse, H. R. Middleton, J. Jussila Ann. Geophys., 23, 147-162, 2005

The synoptic variability of thermospheric andmesospheric winds observed using a Fabry-Perot interferometer

Aruliah, A.L., PhD. Thesis, London, UK, 1991

First tristatic studies of meso-scale ion-neutral dynamics and energetics in the high-latitude upper atmosphere using co-located FPIs and EISCAT radar

Aruliah, A.L., E.M.Griffin, I.McWhirter, A.D.Aylward, E.A.K.Ford, A.Charalambous, M.J.Kosch, C.J.Davis, V.S.C.Howells, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, Art. No., L03802, 2004

Evidence of meso-scale structure in the high-latitude thermosphere

Aruliah, A.L., E. Griffin, Ann. Geophys., 19, 37-46, 2001

Heater-Induced altitude descent of the EISCAT UHF ion line enhancements: Observations and modelling

Ashrafi, M., M.J. Kosch, F. Honary, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2645-2652, 2006

Radio and optical studies of natural and artificially stimulated geospace plasmas

Ashrafi, M., Ph.D. thesis, Lancaster University, UK, 2006

Spatiotemporal evolution of radio wave pump-induced ionospheric phenomena near the fourth electron gyro-harmonic

Ashrafi, M., M. J. Kosch, K. Kaila, B. Isham, J. Geophys. Res., A05314, doi:10.1029/2006JA011938 2007

ASK: Auroral Structure and Kinetics in action

Ashrafi, M., Astronomy & Geophysics, 48 (4), 4.35-4.37, doi:10.1111/j.1468-4004.2007.48435.x, 2007

Comparison of the characteristic energy of precipitating electrons derived from ground-based and DMSP satellite data

Ashrafi, M., M. J. Kosch, F. Honary, Ann. Geophys., 23, 135-145, 2005

ALIS, a state-of-the art optical observation network for the exploration of polar atmospheric processes

Aso, T, Å. Steen, U. Brändström, B. Gustavsson, A. Urashima, M. Ejiri, Adv. Space Res, 24(6), 917-924, 2000

A study on the Arctic upper-atmospheric tide by EISCAT radar – Recent results and prospects

Aso, T., Mem. National Institute of Polar Research, Spec. Issue, 54, 43-48, 2001

Penetration of the non-migrating atmospheric diurnal tide into polar latitudes

Aso, T., Adv. Pliolar Upper Atmos. Res., 14, 138-145, 2000

Morning sector drift-bounce resonance driven ULF waves observed in artificially-induced HF radar backscatter

Baddeley, L. J., T. K. Yeoman, D. M. Wright, J. A. Davies, K. J. Trattner, J. L. Roeder, Ann. Geophys., 20, 9, 1487-1498, 2002

First observations of SPEAR-induced top and bottomside sporadic E-layer heating observed using the EISCAT Svalbard and SuperDARN radars

Baddeley, L. J., I. Häggström, T. K. Yeoman, M. T. Rietveld, J. geophys. Res., 117, A01307, doi:10.1029/2011JA017079, 2012

Equatorward propagating auroral arcs driven by ULF wave activity: Multipoint ground- and space-based observations in the dusk sector auroral oval

Baddeley, L. J., D. A. Lorentzen, N. Partamies, M. Denig, V. A. Pilipenko, K. Oksavik, X. Chen, Y. Zhang, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023427 2017

On the coupling between unstable magnetospheric particles and resonant high m ULF wave signatures in the ionosphere

Baddeley, L. J., T. K. Yeoman, D. M. Wright, K. J. Trattner, B. J. Kellet, Ann. Geophys., 23, 567-577, 2005

Response of the magnetosheath-cusp region to CME

Balan, N., H. Alleyne, S. Walker, H. Reme, E. Lucek, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, A. N. Fazakerley, S.-R. Zhang, A. P. van Eyken, J. geophys. Res., 112, A12211, doi:10.1029/2006JA012122, 2007

Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling during the CME events of 07-12 November 2004

Balan, N., H. Alleyne, S. Walker, H. Reme, I. McCrea, A. Aylward, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 70, 17, 2101-2111, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.06.015 2008

Changes in the ionosphere over EISCAT during ion frictional heating events

Balan, N., R. Fujii, Adv. Space Res., 27(8), 1413-1416, 2001

The EISCAT facility

Baron, M., J. atmos. terr. Phys., 46, 469-472, 1984

EISCAT progress 1983-85

Baron, M., J. atmos. terr. Phys., 48, 767-772, 1986

ELF and VLF radiation from the ‘polar electrojet antenna’*

Barr, R, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 19, 4, 1111-1122, 1984

The ‘polar electrojet antenna’ as a source of ELF radiation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide*

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 4, 315-320, 1984

The effect of a heated patch of auroral ionosphere on VLF radio wave propagation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Nature, 309, 5986, 534-536, 1984

Extra-low-frequency radiation from the polar electrojet antenna

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, E. Nielsen, Nature, 317, 6033, 155-157, 1985

The Diffraction of VLF Radio Waves by a Patch of Ionosphere Illuminated by a Powerful HF Transmitter

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 90, A3, 2861-2875, 1985

ELF and VLF Signals Radiated by the ‘Polar Electrojet Antenna’: Experimental Results

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, H. Kopka, J. Geophys. Res., 91, A4, 4451-4459, 1986

Ionospheric heater beam scanning: A mobile source of ELF radiation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 22, 6, 1073-1083, 1987

Ionospheric heater beam scanning: A realistic model of this mobile source of ELF/VLF radiation

Barr, R., M. T. Rietveld, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 23, 3, 379-388, 1988

Long-range detection of VLF radiation produced by heating the auroral electrojet

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Radio Sci., 26, 4, 871-879, 1991

On the ELF generation efficiency of the Tromsø heater facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 11, 1971-1974, 1991

ELF radiation from the Tromsø ‘super-heater’ facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 6, 1035-1038, 1991

ELF harmonic radiation from the Tromsø Heating facility

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2243-2246, 1993

Enhanced ELF wave generation efficiency using ‘O’ mode HF heating

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, E. Nielsen, Geophys Res. Lett., 24, 11, 1403-1406, 1997

ELF and VLF wave generation by HF heating: A comparison of AM and CW techniques

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59/18, 2265-2279, 1997

Enhanced ELF wave generation efficiency using ‘O’ mode HF heating in the ionosphere: An instrumental Explanation

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, E. Nielsen, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 18, 3489-3492, 1998

The generation of ELF and VLF radio waves in the ionosphere using powerful HF transmitters

Barr, R., Adv. Space Res., 21, 5, 677-688, 1998

ELF wave generation in the ionosphere using pulse modulated HF heating: initial tests of a technique for increasing ELF wave generation efficiency

Barr, R., P. Stubbe, M. T. Rietveld, Ann. Geophysicae, 17, 759-769, 1999

ELF and VLF radio waves

Barr, R., D. Llanwyn Jones, C.J. Rodger, J. Atmos Solar Terr. Physics., 62, 1689-1718, 2000

Polarisation in the auroral red line during coordinated EISCAT Svalbard Radar/optical experiments

Barthélémy, M., J. Lilensten, F. Pitout, C. Simon Wedlund, R. Thissen, D. Lorentzen, F. Sigernes, J. Moen, G. Gronoff, I. McCrea, H. Rothkael, H. Ménager, and A. Aruliah Ann. Geophys., 29, 1101-1112, 2011

Daytime scintillations induced by high-power HF waves at Tromsø, Norway

Basu, S., S. Basu, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Waaramaa, J. Geophys. Res., 92, A10, 11149-11157, 1987

Evolution of subkilometer scale ionospheric irregularities generated by high-power HF waves

Basu, S., E. Costa, R. C. Livingston, K. M. Groves, H. C. Carlson, P. K. Chaturvedi, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 102, A4, 7469-7475, 1997

Evolution of subkilometer scale ionospheric irregularities generated by high-power HF waves

Basu, S., E. Costa, R. C. Livingston, K.M. Groves, H.C. Carlson, P.K. Chutrvedi, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 102, A4, 7469-7475, 1997

Velocity shears and sub-km scale irregularities in the nighttime auroral F-region

Basu, Su., Sa. Basu, C. Senior, D. Weimer, E. Nielsen, P.F. Fougere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 101-104, 1986

The Measurement of Neutral Winds in the Thermosphere Using a DIS

Batten, S.M., PhD. Thesis, London, UK, 1989

How the Saint Santin incoherent scatter system paved the way for a French involvement in EISCAT

Bauer, P., A. Giraud, W. Kofman, M. Petit, P. Waldteufel, Hist. Geo Space Sci., , 97-103, doi:10.5194/hgss-4-97-2013 2013

A new method for deducing the effective collision frequency profile in the D-region

Beharrell, M., F. Honary, J. geophys. Res., 113, A05303, doi:10.1029/2007JA012650 2008

Modulation of the ionosphere by Pc5 waves observed simultaneously by GPS/TEC and EISCAT

Belakhovsky, V., V. Pilipenko, D. Murr, E. Fedorov, A. Kozlovsky, Earth, Planets and Space, 68:102, DOI 10.1186/s40623-016-0480-7 2016

The ESPAS e-infrastructure: Access to data from near-Earth space

Belehaki, A., S. James, M. Hapgood, S. Ventouras, I. Galkin, A. Lembesis, A. Charisi, L. Spogli, J. Berdermann, I. Häggström Advances in Space Research, 58 (7), 1177-1200, DOI:10.1016/j.asr.2016.06.014 ISSN 0273-1177, 2016

Access to data from near-Earth space

Belehaki, A., M. Hapgood, J. Watermann, DOI:10.1051/978-2-7598-1949-2, ISBN: 978-2-7598-1949-2, 174 pages 2017

Electron Temperature Dependence of PMSE Power: Experimental and Modelling Results

Belova, E., P. Chilson, M. Rapp, S. Kirkwood, Adv. Space Res., 28, 7, 1077-1082, 2001

The response time of PMSE to ionospheric heating

Belova, E., P. B. Chilson, S. Kirkwood, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 108, D8, (PMR 13-1 to PMR 13-6), 8446, doi:10.1029/2002JD002385 2003

First observation of the overshoot effect for polar mesosphere winter echoes during radiowave electron temperature modulation

Belova, E., M. Smirnova, M.T. Rietveld, B. Isham, S. Kirkwood, T. Sergienko, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2007GL032457 2008

Polar mesosphere summer echoes: a compa/lirison of simultaneous observations at three wavelengths

Belova, E., P. Dalin, S. Kirkwood, Ann. Geophysicae, 25, 2487-2496, 2007

Reply to comment by M. Rapp and F.-J. Lübken on “The response time of PMSE to ionospheric heating”

Belova, E., S. Kirkwood, P. B. Chilson, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res. (Atmosph.), 108, D23, 4728, doi:10.1029/2003JD004167, 2003

EISCAT and ESRAD radars observations of polar mesosphere winter echoes during solar proton events on 11-12 November 2004

Belova, E., S. Kirkwood, T. Sergienko, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1177-1190, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1177-2013, 2013

The dynamical background of polar mesosphere winter echoes from simultaneous EISCAT and ESRAD observations

Belova, E., S. Kirkwood, J. Ekeberg, A. Osepian, I. Häggström, H. Nilsson, M. Rietveld, Ann. Geophys., 23, 1239-1247, 2005

Electron temperature dependence of PMSE power: Experimental and modelling results

Belova, E., P.B. Chilson, M. Rapp, S. Kirkwood, Adv. Space Res., 28 (7), 1077-1082, 2001

Tristatic observation of polar mesosphere winter echoes with the EISCAT VHF radar on 8 January 2014: a case study

Belova, E., M. Kawnine, I. Häggström, T. Sergienko, S. Kirkwood, A. Tjulin, Earth, Planets and Space, 70, 110, doi:10.1186/s40623-018-0878-5, 2018

The effect of the ionosphere inhomogeneity on magnetic pulsation polarization*

Belova, E. G., E. V. Pchelkina, W. B. Lyatsky, A. B. Pashin, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 1425-1434, 1997

Passage of a powerful HF radio wave through the lower ionosphere as a function of initial electron density profiles

Belova, E.G., A.B. Pashin, W.B. Lyatsky, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 265-272, 1995

Seeding of Langmuir turbulence by high power HF modification during aurora, Summary of Presentations, Volume II (Poster Papers)

Belyey, V., B. Isham, T. B. Leyser, M. T. Rietveld, RF Ionospheric Interactions Workshop, 18-21 April, 1123-1126, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2004

F-region electron densities above Svalbard: A comparison between incoherent scatter and ionosonde methods

Bempong, C.N., MSc. thesis, University of Tromsø, 2001

Experimental Studies of Plasma Structuring in the High-Latitude Ionosphere

Berryli, S.T., University of Wales, 2000

Field and wave measurements aboard the Aureol-3 spacecraft

Berthelier, J. J., A. Berthelier, Yu. I. Galperin, V. A. Gladyshev, F. Lefeuvre, N. I. Massevitch, M. Mogilevsky, O. A. Molchanov, Adv. Space Res., 2, 7, 49-52, 1983

Observations of gravity waves in the auroral zone

Bertin, F., W. Kofman, G. Lejeune, Radio Sci., 18, 1059-1065, 1983

On the influence of plasma absorption by dust on the PMSE overshoot effect

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, T.W. Hartquist, C. LaHoz, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2541-2550, 2006

On the necessary complexity of modeling of the Polar Mesosphere Summer Echo Overshoot Effect*

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, R. Bast, J. Plasma Physics, 8, 03, 225-239, doi:10.1017/S0022377811000596 2012

Non-equilibrium modeling of the PMSE Overshoot Effect revisited: A comprehensive study*

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, J. Plasma Physics, 78, 03, 303-319, doi:10.1017/S0022377812000141 2012

On the necessary complexity of modeling of the Polar Mesosphere Summer Echo Overshoot Effect

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, R. Bast, J. Plasma Physics, 78, 03, 225-239, doi:10.1017/S0022377811000596 2012

Non-equilibrium modeling of the PMSE Overshoot Effect revisited: A comprehensive study

Biebricher, A., O. Havnes, J. Plasma Physics, 78, 03, 303-319, doi:10.1017/S0022377812000141 2012

Numerical Analysis of Polar Mesosphere Summer and Winter Echoes: The Overshoot Effect

Biebricher, A., Ph. D. thesis, University of Tromsø, Norway, 2011

Properties of auroral radio absorption patches observed in the morning sector using imaging riometer and incoherent-scatter radar

Birch, M. J., J. K. Hargreaves, B.J.I. Bromage, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 105-106, 262-272, 2013

Observational technique and parameter estimation in plasma line spectrum observations of the ionosphere by chirped incoherent scatter radar

Birkmayer, W., T. Hagfors, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 48, 1009-1019, 1986

Three-Dimensional (3-D) Reconstructions of EISCAT IPS Velocity Data in the Declining Phase of Solar Cycle 23

Bisi, M. M., B. V. Jackson, A. R. Breen, G. D. Dorrian, R. A. Fallows, J. M. Clover, P. P. Hick, Solar Physics, 265, 1-2, 233-244, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-010-9594-4 2010

From the Sun to the Earth: the 13 May 2005 Coronal Mass Ejection

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The Rise and Fall of Electron Temperatures I: Ohmic Heating of Ionospheric Electrons from Under-Dense HF-radio Wave Pumping

Gustavsson, B., M. T. Rietveld, N. V. Ivchenko, M. J. Kosch, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12332, doi:10.1029/2010JA015873 2010

Combined EISCAT Radar and Optical Multi-Spectral and Tomographic Observations of Black Aurora

Gustavsson, B., M. J. Kosch, A. Senior, A. Kavanagh, U. Brandstrom, E. M. Blixt, J. geophys. Res., 113, A06308, doi:10.1029/2007JA012999 2008

First tomographic estimate of volume distribution of HF-pump enhanced airglow emission

Gustavsson, B., T. Sergienko, M. T. Rietveld, F. Honary, A. Steen, B. U. E. Brändström, T. B. Leyser, A. Arulia, T. Aso, M. Ejiri, and S. Marple J. Geophys. Res., 106( A12), 29105-29123, 2001

Three dimensional imaging of aurora and airglow

Gustavsson, Bjorn, Doctoral thesis, IRF Scientific Report 267, September, 2000

History of EISCAT – Part 4: On the German contribution to the early years of EISCAT

Haerendel, G., Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 7, 67-72, 2016

On the proper motion of auroral arcs

Haerendel, G., S. Buchert, C. La Hoz, B. Raaf, E. Rieger, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 6087-6099, 1993

Observations of enhanced plasma lines by EISCAT during heating experiments

Hagfors, T., W. Kofman, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, T. Äijänen, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 861-866, 1983

VHF parabolic cylinder antenna for incoherent scatter radar research

Hagfors, T., P.S. Kildal, H.J. Kärcher, B. Liesenkötter, G. Schröer, Radio Sci., 17, 1607-1621, 1982

Measurement of electric fields in the ionosphere by incoherent scatter radar techniques

Hagfors, T., J. Silen, Advances in Space Research, 2, 7, IN9-IN10, 1982

Incoherent scatter radar observations of the plasma line with a chirped pulse system

Hagfors, T., Radio Sci., 17, 727-734, 1982

The EISCAT Facility, High – Latitude Space Plasma Physics

Hagfors, T., Plenum Publ. Corp., edited by Bengt Hultqvist and Tor Hagfors, 1983

Past applications and future uses of chirped ISR plasma line observations

Hagfors, T., B. Isham, Adv. Space Res., 9, 5, 143-152, 1989

Plasma fluctuations excited by charged particle motion and their detection by weak scattering of radio waves, in Incoherent Scatter: Theory, Practice and Science

Hagfors, T., 1-32, (Ed.) D. Alcaydé, EISCAT Scientific Association, Kiruna, 1997

Auroral E-region electron density gradients measured with EISCAT

Haldoupis C., K. Schlegel, G. Hussey, Ann. Geophys., 18, 1172–1181, 2000

Direct comparison of 1-m irregularity phase velocities and ion acoustic speeds in the auroral E region ionosphere

Haldoupis, C., K. Schlegel, J. geophys. Res., 95 (A11), 18,989-19,000, 1990

Dependence of radar auroral scattering cross section on the ambient electron density and the destabilizing electric field

Haldoupis, C., E. Nielsen, K. Schlegel, Ann. Geophysicae, 8, 195-212, 1990

MAP/WINE electron density profiles in the D- and E-regions: a comparison of EISCAT, PRE and rocket data

Hall, C., T.A. Blix, A. Brekke, M. Friedrich, T.L. Hansen, S. Kirkwood, J. Röttger, E.V. Thrane, Proc. 7th ESA Symposium (ESA SP-229), 1985

Mesospheric measurements using the EISCAT VHF system: first results and their interpretation

Hall, C., U.-P. Hoppe, P.J.S. Williams, G.O.L. Jones, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 1187-1190, 1987

High Schmidt numbers in the mesopause region from 224 MHz incoherent backscatter

Hall, C., A. Brekke, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 561-564, 1988

Background electrodynamics measured by EISCAT during the NEED campaign

Hall, C., A. Brekke, M.T. Rietveld, U.P. Løvhaug, B.N. Mæhlum, Proc. 9th ESA Symposium, ESA SP-291, 153-197, 1989

Recent D-region research using incoherent scatter radar

Hall, C., Adv. Space Res., 9 (5), 163-172, 1989

Modification of the energy-wave number spectrum for heavy proton hydrates as tracers for isotropic turbulence at the summer mesopause

Hall, C., J. geophys. Res., 95 (D5), 5549-5556, 1990

Incoherent scatter radar observations of the middle atmosphere response to a PCA

Hall, C., A. Brekke, A.P. van Eyken, U.-P. Hoppe, E.V. Thrane, Adv. Space Res., 12, (10)289-(12)293, 1992

Height dependence of the Batchelor-scale for positive ions as tracers for neutral turbulence in the summer arctic mesopause

Hall, C., J. Geophys. Res., 98(D1), 1163-1170, 1993

On the occurrence of Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes

Hall, C., Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 3469-3472, 1995

Identification of possible ion-drag induces neutral instability in the lower thermosphere over Svalbard

Hall, C. M., T. Aso, Earth Planets Space, 52, 639-643, 2000

Plasma density over Svalbard during the ISBJØRN campaign

Hall, C. M., A.P. van Eyken, K.R. Svenes, Ann. Geophys., 18, 209-214, 2000

Negative ion to electron number density ratios from EISCAT mesospheric spectra

Hall, C.M., T. Devlin, A. Brekke, J.K. Hargreaves, Physica Scripta, 37, 413-418, 1988

Radar probing of the mesopause

Hall, C.M., Ph.D. Thesis, University of Tromsø, Norway, 1990

Initial observations of polar mesospheric summer echoes using the EISCAT Svalbard Radar,

Hall, C.M., J. Röttger, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 0, 131-134, 2001

Quantification of neutral turbulence in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere using EISCAT and ESR

Hall, C.M., Advances in Polar Upper Atmosphere Research, 14, 221, 2000

Telescience with the EISCAT incoherent scatter radars and Universities of Tromsø and Saskatchewan MF radar

Hall, C.M., B. Hansen, B.-O. Husøy, U.-P. Hoppe, A.P. van Eyken, Proc. 13th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, Öland, Sweden, 26-29 May 1997, ESA SP-397, 1997

Characteristic vertical wavenumbers for the polar mesosphere

Hall, C.M., U.-P. Hoppe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24(8), 837-840, 10.1029/97GL00805, 1997

Kilometer scale kinetic energy perturbations in the mesosphere derived from EISCAT velocity data

Hall, C.M., Radio Science, 32, 93-101, 1997

The influence of negative ions on mesospheric turbulence traced by ionisation: implications for radar and in situ experiments

Hall, C.M., J. Geophys. Res., 102, 439-443, 1997

Observational evidence for throat aurora being associated with magnetopause reconnection

Han, D.-S., T. Xu, Y. Jin, K. Oksavik, X.-C. Chen, J.-J. Liu, Q. Zhang, L. Baddeley, K. Herlingshaw, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 7113– 7120, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083593 2019

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Hansen, G., U-P. Hoppe, E. Turunen, P. Pollari, Radio Sci, 26, 5, 1153-1164, 1991

On the weak turbulence approximation*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, AGARD Conf. Proc., 485, 9-1 to 9-12, 1990

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Hanssen, A., J. Geophys. Res., 96, A2, 1867-1871, 1991

Numerical test of the weak turbulence approximation to ionospheric Langmuir turbulence*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, H. A. Rose, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A8, 12073-12091, 1992

Electromagnetically Driven Langmuir Turbulence in the Ionosphere*

Hanssen, A., Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Tromsø, Norway, 1992

Driven and damped Langmuir turbulence*

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, ESA Proc., WPP-047, 39-43, 1993

Nonlinear Langmuir waves in the ionosphere, Proc. Mini-Workshop on Wave Phenomena in Solar-Terrestrial Plasmas*

Hanssen, A., 29-38, Eds.: Maltby, P. and H. Pecseli, ITA, Oslo, 1993

The Incoherent Scatter Plasma Line Used for the Derivation of Plasma Parameters With Special Emphasis on the Ion Composition

Hanssen, A., Theory and EISCAT Experiment, Cand. Scient.-thesis, Univ. of Tromsø, Norway, 1988

Resonance broadeneing modification of weak plasma turbulence theory

Hanssen, A., J. geophys. Res., 96, 1867, 1991

Numerical test of the weak turbulence approximation to ionospheric Langmuir turbulence

Hanssen, A., E. Mjølhus, D.F. DuBois, H.A. Rose, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A8, 12073-12091, 1993

Comparison between the ionospheric plasma drift and the motion of artificially induced irregularities as observed by HF backscatter radars

Hanuise, C., Å. Hedberg, J. Oksman, E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, Annales Geophysicae, 4, A1, 49-54, 1986

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Hargreaves, J. K., M. J. Birch, B. J. I. Bromage, Ann. Geophysicae, 25, 1837-1849, 2007

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Hargreaves, J. K. , M. J. Birch, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 174, 5-16, doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.032 2018

On the relations between proton influx and D-region electron densities during the polar-cap absorption event of 28-29 October 2003

Hargreaves, J. K., M. J. Birch, Ann. Geophys., 23, 3267-3276, 2005

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Hargreaves, J.K., C.J. Burns, S.C. Kirkwood, Radio Sci., 20, 745-754, 1985

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Hargreaves, J.K., H. Ranta, A. Ranta, E. Turunen, T. Turunen, Planet. Space Sci., 35, 947-958, 1987

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Hargreaves, J.K., C.J. Burns, Radio Sci., 23, 493-502, 1988

“The estimation of D-region densities from riometer data”

Hargreaves, J.K., M. Friedrich, Ann. Geophysicae, 21, 603-613, 2003

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Hargreaves, J.K., T. Devlin, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 52, 193-203, 1990

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Hargreaves, J.K., A.V. Shirochkov, A.D. Farmer, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 55, 857-862, 1993

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First observations of the PMSE overshoot effect and its use for investigating the conditions in the summer mesosphere

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, L. I. Naesheim, M. T. Rietveld, Geophys Res. Lett., 30, 23, 2229, doi:10.1029/2003GL018429 2003

Investigation of the Mesospheric PMSE Conditions by Use of the New Overshoot Effect

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, A. Biebricher, M. Kassa, T. Meseret, I. Naesheim, T. Zivkovic, Physica Scripta, T107, 70, 2004

Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes (PMSE) overshoot effect due to cycling of artificial electron heating*

Havnes, O., J. Geophys. Res., 109, A02309, doi:10.1029/2003JA010159 2004

Observations of the overshoot effect during the 2004 EISCAT PMSE campaign

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, A. Aylward, E. Belova, T.W. Hartquist, M.J. Kosch, G. Morrfill, G.O.L. Jones, L.I. Naesheim, M.T. Rietveld, M. Rubin-Zuzic and F. Sigernes Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2344-2352, 2006

Time evolution of artificial electron heating in polar mesosphere summer echo layers

Havnes, O., M. Kassa, M. Kassa, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D08202, doi:10.1029/2006JD007660 2007

Observation and analysis of olar mesospheric winter echoes modulated by artificial electron heating

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, M.T. Rietveld, M. Kassa, G. Baroni, A. Biebricher, Proceedings of the 19th ESA Symposium on European rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 7-11 June, Esa publication, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009

On the sizes, charges and effects of dust particles in polar mesospheric winter echoes

Havnes, O., M. Kassa, G.E. Morfill, C. La Hoz, Proceedings of the 19th ESA Symposium on European rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 7-11 June, Esa publication, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009

A comparison of Overshoot modelling with observations of Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes at radar frequencies 56 and 224 MHz

Havnes, O., H. Pinedo, C. La Hoz, A. Senior, T. Hartquist, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, Ann. Geophys., doi:10.5194/angeo-33-737-2015 2015

Dust charging and density conditions deduced from observations of PMWE modulated by artificial electron heating

Havnes, O., C. La Hoz, M. T. Rietveld, M. B. Kassa, G. Baroni, A. Biebricher, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D24203, doi:10.1029/2011JD016411 2011

Nanodust shedding and its potential influence on dust-related phenomena in the mesosphere

Havnes, O., T. W. Hartquist, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 12, 363–12,376, doi:10.1002/2016JD025037 2016

On the role of dust in the summer mesopause

Havnes, O., U. de Angelis, R. Bingham, C.K. Goertz, G.E. Morfill, V. Tsytovich, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 52, 637-643, 1990

On the sizes and observable effects of dust particles in polar mesospheric winter echoes

Havnes, O., M. Kassa, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D09209, doi:10.1029/2008JD011276 2009

Charged dust in the earth’s mesopause; effects on radar backscatter

Havnes, O., F. Melandsø, C. La Hoz, T.K. Aslaksen, T. Hartquist, Physica Scripta, 45, 535-544, 1992

Electron Heating Effects on Polar Mesospheric Clouds – A Comparison Between Observations and Modelling

Havnes, Ove, PiPinedo Nava, Henry, La Hoz, Cesar, Senior, Andrew, Hartquist, Tom, Rietveld, Michael T, Kosch, M.J., Proceedings of the Cluster and Double Star Symposium – 5th Anniversary of Cluster in Space 2015, 71 – 77, ISSN 1609-042X, 2015

Improved background representation, ionosonde input and independent verification in experimental ionospheric tomography

Heaton J.A.T., S.E. Pryse, l.Kersley, Ann. Geophys., 13, 1297-1302, 1995

Tomographic imaging of electron density in the auroral ionosphere

Heaton, J.A.T., L. Kersley, S.E. Pryse, T.D. Raymund, D.L. Rice, P. Sheen, I.K. Walker, C. Willson, IEE, CP370, 677-680, 1993

Improved background representation, ionosonde input and independent verification in experimental ionospheric tomography

Heaton, J.A.T., S.E. Pryse, L. Kersley, Proc. Beacon Satellite Symposium, 88-91, Aberystwyth, UK, 1994

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Heaton, J.A.T., Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wales, UK, 1995

Observations of HF backscatter associated with heating experiment at Tromsø

Hedberg, Å, H. Derblom, B. Thidé, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 18, 6, 840-850, 1983

First observations of 140-MHz plasma line backscatter during heating experiments at Tromsø

Hedberg, Å., B. Thidé, R. Boström, H. Derblom, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 89, A12, 11038-11042, 1984

Measurements of HF backscatter cross section for striations created by ionospheric heating at different power levels

Hedberg, Å., H. Derblom, G. Wannberg, B. Thidé, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, Radio Sci., 21, 117-125, 1986

Revised Global model of Thermosphere winds using satellite and ground-based observations

Hedin, A.E., Biondi M.A., Burnside R.G., Hernandez G., Johnson R.M., Killeen T.L., Mazaudier C., Meriwether J.W., Salah J.E., Sica R.J., Smith R.W., Spencer N.W., WickwarV.B. and Virdi T.S. J. geophys. Res., 96, (A5), 7657-7688, 1991

Incoherent scatter spectra for non-Maxwellian plasmas

Hedin, H., I. Häggström, In RVK-02, (proceedings of Swedish URSI meeting), Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, 2002

Advanced applications of the EISCAT incoherent scatter radar for multi-beam and electron line studies

Hedin, M., Licentiate thesis, IRF Scientific Report 277, 2002

3-D extent of the main ionospheric trough – a case study

Hedin, M., I. Häggström, A. Pellinen-Wannberg, L. Andersson, U. Brändström, B. Gustavsson, Å. Steen, A. Westman, G. Wannberg, T. van Eyken, T. Aso, C. Cattell, C. W. Carlson, and D. Klumpar Adv. Polar Upper Atmos. Res., 14, 157-162, 2000

Photometer and spectrometer search of the oxygen green and red lines during artificial ionospheric heating in the auroral zone

Henriksen, K., W. Stoffregen, B. Lybekk, Å. Steen, Annales Geophysicae, 2, 1, 73-76, 1984

Production of Auroral Zone E Region Irregularities by Powerful HF Heating

Hibberd, F. H., E. Nielsen, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, M. T. Rietveld, J. Geophys. Res., 88, A8, 6347-6351, 1983

Untersuchung des Phasen- und Amplitudenverhaltens von Travelling Ionospheric Disturbances mit Hilfe von EISCAT-Daten

Hocke K., Ph.D. Thesis, Unversity of Goettingen, Germany, 1994

Atmospheric Radar, Application and science of MST radars in the Earth’s mesosphere, stratosphere, troposphere, and weakly ionized regions

Hocking, W. K., J. Röttger, R. D. Palmer, T. Sato, P. B. Chilson, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-1-107-14746-1 2016

Studies of polar mesosphere summer echoes over EISCAT using calibrated signal strengths and statistical parameters

Hocking, W.K., J. Röttger, Radio Sci., 32, 1425-1444, 1997

Directional Changes in the Irregularity Drift during Artificial Generation of Striations

Hoeg, P., Physica Scripta, 33, 469-474, 1986

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Theoretical and Experimental Evidence of a Thermal Resonance Instability in the E-region of the Ionosphere

Hoeg, P., Doctoral thesis, University of Copenhagen, 1987

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Holdsworth, G.P., M. Phil, University of Leicester, U.K., 2002

Recognising the blue emission in artificial aurora

Holma, H., K. Kaila, M.J. Kosch, M.T. Rietveld, Adv. Space Res., 38, 11, 2653-2658, 2006

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Holma, H.J., K.U. Kaila, J.R.T. Jussila, Phys. Chem. Earth (B), 25, No. 5-6, 463-466, 2000

Ionospheric response to chemical releases in the high latitude E and F regions

Holmgren, G., G. Marklund, L. Eliasson, H. Opgenoorth, F. Søraas, F. Primdahl, G. Haerendel, P.M. Kintner, Adv. Space Res., 8 (1), 79-83, 1988

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Holt, O., A. Brekke, T. Hansen, H. Kopka, P. Stubbe, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47, 6, 537-545, 1985

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Holt, O., Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 3, 47-52, 2012

Large electrical potential perturbations in PMSE during DROPPS

Holzworth, R. H., R. F. Pfaff, R. A. Goldberg, S. R. Bounds, F. J. Schmidlin, H. D. Voss, A. J. Tuzzolino, C. L. Croskey, J. D. Mitchell, G. von Cossart, U.-P. Hoppe, D. Murtagh, G. Witt, J. Gumbel, and M. Friedrich Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 8, 1435-1438, 2001

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Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, 19th IOP Plasma Physics Conf. Proc., 35, Nottingham, 1992

EISCAT observations of electron temperature oscillations due to the action of high power HF radio waves

Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, N. M. Wade, P. Stubbe, H. Kopka, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 10, 1433-1448, 1993

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Honary, F., A. J. Stocker, T. R. Robinson, T. B. Jones, P. Stubbe, J. Geophys. Res., 100, A11, 21489-21502, 1995

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Honary, F., T. R. Robinson, D. M. Wright, A. J. Stocker, M. T. Rietveld, Annales Geophysicae, 17, 9, 1235-1238, 1999

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On the downward bias in vertical velocity measurements by VHF radars

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High-resolution measurements of vertical velocity with the European incoherent scatter VHF radar. 1: Motion field characteristics and measurement biases

Hoppe U.-P., D.C. Fritts, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 16813-1682, 1995

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Hoppe, U.-P., C. Hall, J. Röttger, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 28-31, 1988

Studies of vertical motions in the upper mesosphere using the EISCAT UHF radar

Hoppe, U.-P., T.L. Hansen, Ann. Geophysicae, 6, 181-186, 1988

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Hoppe, U.-P., D.C. Fritts, I.M. Reid, P. Czechowsky, C.M. Hall, T.L. Hansen, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 52, 907-926, 1990

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Hoppe, U.-P., T.A. Blix, E.Thrane, F.-J. Lübken, J.Y.N. Cho, W.E. Swartz, Adv. Space Res., 14, 139-148, 1994

The effects of differential ion flows on EISCAT observations in the auroral ionosphere

Horne, R.B., J. atmos. terr. Phys., 46, 1159-1168, 1984

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A theoretical model for the broad upshifted maximum in the stimulated electromagnetic emission spectrum*

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A theoretical study on the broad symmetric structure in the stimulated electromagnetic emission spectrum*

Huang, J., S. P. Kuo, H. L. Zhou, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 2, 1639-1645, 1995

The auroral O+ non-Maxwellian velocity distribution function revisited

Hubert D., F. Leblanc, Ann. Geophys., 15, 249-254, 1997

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Hubert, B., A. T. Aikio, O. Amm, T. Pitkänen, K. Kauristie, S. E. Milan, S. W. H. Cowley, J.-C. Gérard, Ann. Geophys., 28, 883-892, 2010

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